Japan storm: Nine million people told to evacuate as super typhoon Nanmadol hits

Huge waves in Kochi prefecture, western Japan.

Nine million people have been told to evacuate their homes as Japan is battered by one of the worst typhoons the country has ever seen.

The super typhoon Nanmadol has killed two people and injured almost 90.

It hit Kyushu, the southernmost of Japan’s four main islands, on Sunday morning, and is set to reach Honshu, the largest island, in the coming days.

Tens of thousands of people spent Sunday night in emergency shelters, and almost 350,000 homes are without power.

Transport and business has been disrupted, and the country is braced for extensive flooding and landslides.

Nanmadol has brought gusts of up to 234km/h (145mph), and some areas were forecast 400mm (16 inches) of rain in 24 hours.

Bullet train services, ferries, and hundreds of flights have been cancelled. Many shops and other businesses have closed, and sandbags have been put in place to protect some properties.

Rescue workers attend a landslide in Kyushu.

The typhoon made landfall near the city of Kagoshima, on the southern tip of Japan’s most southerly island, Kyushu, on Sunday morning.

A river in Kyushu has burst its banks.

State broadcaster NHK said one man was killed when his car was submerged in flooding, and another died after being buried in a landslide. One more person remains missing, and 87 have been injured.

Local video footage shows roofs ripped off buildings and billboards toppled over.

The storm is forecast to turn east and pass over Japan’s main island of Honshu before moving out to sea by Wednesday. The capital, Tokyo, has experienced heavy rain, with the Tozai underground line suspended because of flooding.

A level-five alert, the highest on Japan’s disaster warning scale, has been issued for more than 500,000 people in the Kagoshima, Miyazaki, Oita, Kumamoto and Yamaguchi areas.

A total of around nine million people have been ordered to evacuate parts of the Kyushu, Shikoku and Chugoku regions after a level four alert.

Nanmadol has been categorised as a super typhoon by the US Joint Typhoon Warning Centre (JTWC), a term applied to storms with sustained wind speeds of 240km/h (150mph) or more. It is the equivalent of a category four or five hurricane.

Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has delayed a visit to New York, where he is due to give speech at the UN General Assembly, until Tuesday, to monitor the impact of the storm.

Scientists have predicted a very active hurricane season this year, influenced by a natural phenomenon known as La Niña.

Warmer sea surface temperatures in the Atlantic and Caribbean as a result of climate change may also have an impact.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has said intense tropical cyclones will likely increase on a global scale.

FONTE: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-62952942

Funcionário chinês adverte contra tocar estrangeiros após caso de Monkeypox

Os comentários do chefe epidemiologista do Centro Chinês de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças (CDC) Wu Zunyou causaram controvérsia

Um alto funcionário da saúde chinesa alertou os moradores contra o toque de estrangeiros, um dia depois que a China registrou sua primeira infecção por macacos.

Em um post no Weibo, o epidemiologista-chefe do Centro Chinês de Controle e Prevenção de Doenças (CDC), Wu Zunyou, aconselhou contra o “contato pele a pele com estrangeiros”.

O post gerou controvérsia, com alguns rotulando-o como racista.

Os comentários sobre a postagem original foram desativados na plataforma.

“A fim de prevenir uma possível infecção por varíola de macacos e como parte de nosso estilo de vida saudável, recomenda-se que 1) você não tenha contato direto pele a pele com estrangeiros”, disse Wu em sua página no Weibo no sábado.

Além disso, o senhor deputado Wu também pediu aos moradores que evitassem o contato pele a pele com viajantes recentes que haviam retornado do exterior nas últimas três semanas, e com estranhos.

Ele postou os comentários um dia depois que a cidade de Chongqing, no sudoeste, relatou seu primeiro caso de macacopox em um indivíduo que chegou do exterior. Não está claro se o indivíduo era um cidadão chinês ou um estrangeiro.

O post, que foi amplamente compartilhado nas redes sociais durante o fim de semana, atraiu comentários em grande parte críticos no Weibo.

“Isso é muito inapropriado [dizer]. No início da pandemia, alguns estrangeiros se levantaram e [nos defenderam] dizendo que os chineses não são vírus”, escreveu um comentarista.

“Quão racista é isso? E aqueles como eu que vivem na China há quase dez anos? Não vemos nossas famílias há 3 ou 4 anos devido ao fechamento de fronteiras”, escreveu outro usuário no Weibo, que parecia ser um estrangeiro.

A China impôs algumas das medidas mais duras do Covídeo do mundo desde o início da pandemia, que incluíram bloqueios instantâneos, fechamentos de fronteiras, testes obrigatórios e restrições de viagem.

O vírus da varíola, que é transmitido através do contato próximo com pessoas infectadas, animais ou materiais contaminados, geralmente causa sintomas como febre, dor de cabeça e erupções cutâneas.

Cerca de 90 países onde a varíola não é considerada endêmica relataram surtos da doença viral, que a Organização Mundial da Saúde declarou emergência sanitária global.

Houve mais de 60.000 casos confirmados e alguns países não endêmicas relataram suas primeiras mortes relacionadas.

FONTE: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-62873979

Kenyan lawyer in ICC case linked to new president found dead

Kenyan lawyer Paul Gicheru appears before a pre-trial chamber, via video-link from the ICC detention center, before facing charges against him of bribing and threatening prosecution witnesses in the case against Kenya’s recently elected President William Ruto, which was ultimately dropped amid allegations of witness interference, at the International Criminal Court in The Hague, Netherlands on Nov. 6, 2020. Kenyan police say that Gicheru was found dead at his home late Monday, Sept. 26, 2022 though it was not immediately clear how he died. (International Criminal Court via AP)

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Police say a Kenyan lawyer facing charges at the International Criminal Court of bribing and threatening prosecution witnesses in a past ICC case against Kenya’s recently elected president has been found dead.

Paul Gicheru had pleaded not guilty earlier this year to all eight counts of interfering with witnesses in the case against William Ruto, who had been charged with involvement in violence after Kenya’s 2007 election that left more than 1,000 people dead.

A police report seen by The Associated Press said the family of the 50-year-old Gicheru found him unconscious at his home Monday night. “The body was found lying on the back, clean, casually dressed and no saliva or blood on any body opening,” the report says, noting that “the deceased is a known diabetic and high blood pressure patient.”

The police report noted that Gicheru’s 20-year-old son, who told his mother that Gicheru “had taken something,” was later found with “froth” coming from his mouth and difficulty breathing. He was in stable condition at a local hospital, the report said. It was not clear what happened.

In comments to reporters, family lawyer John Khaminwa said the family had described Gicheru as stressed in the hours before his death. “He was not himself,” Khaminwa said. The family intends to bring in pathologists to “look at his internal organs and other things,” he said.

The Kenya Human Rights Commission said it was “concerned with the shocking news of the untimely death” and urged a swift and conclusive investigation.

The charges against Ruto and others, including previous President Uhuru Kenyatta, were dropped in 2016 when the case fell apart amid allegations of witness interference. Ruto denied the allegations against him. The court’s decision to drop the case specified that it did “not preclude new prosecution in the future.”

Ruto was chairing his first Cabinet meeting on Tuesday after being sworn in on Sept. 13 following a narrow election win.

ICC spokesman Fadi El Abdallah said he could not comment on Gicheru’s case but only on the procedure to be followed: “If there is information about the death of an accused, a confirmation of this information should be submitted to the (trial) chamber and then the chamber issues a decision ending the case.”

Judges are currently considering their verdicts in the case. No date had been set for a hearing to deliver the judgment.

Fonte: https://apnews.com/article/africa-elections-presidential-kenya-international-criminal-court-4a66339a9e2a8180de61d12608eeb8ea

Modi: India PM reintroduces extinct cheetahs on birthday

One of the cheetahs from Namibia released in a national park in India on Saturday.

Cheetahs are set to roam in India for the first time since they were declared officially extinct in 1952.

A group of eight cats arrived from Namibia on the occasion of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s birthday on Saturday.

They will undergo a month-long quarantine before being released in a national park in central India.

Cheetahs formerly shared jungles with other big cats like lions and tigers but disappeared 70 years ago.

They are the world’s fastest land animals, capable of reaching speeds of 70 miles (113km) an hour.

This is the first time a large carnivore is being moved from one continent to another and being reintroduced in the wild.

The cheetahs were released into the wild by PM Modi

At least 20 cheetahs are coming to India from South Africa and Namibia, home to more than a third of the world’s 7,000 cheetahs.

The first batch of eight – five females and three males, aged between two and six years – arrived from Windhoek in Namibia to the Indian city of Gwalior on Saturday.

Wildlife experts, veterinary doctors and three biologists accompanied the animals as they made the transcontinental journey in a modified passenger Boeing 747 plane.

From Gwalior, the cheetahs were transferred by helicopter to Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh state, where they were released by a delegation led by Mr Modi.

The cheetahs made the transcontinental journey in a modified Boeing 747 passenger plane.

Spread over a 289-square-mile area, the Kuno National Park is a sprawling sanctuary with prey like antelope and wild boars for the wild cats.

An electrified enclosure, with 10 compartments ranging in size, has been built for the animals to quarantine before being released in the wild.

Each cheetah will be given a dedicated team of volunteers, which will monitor it and keep tabs on the animal’s movement. Satellite radio collars have been put on each cheetah for their geolocation updates.

Kuno national park
Image caption,The cheetahs were released in the Kuno National Park in central India.

Experts say that a combination of hunting, habitat loss and food scarcity had led to the cheetah’s disappearance in India.

Studies show that at least 200 cheetahs were killed in India, largely by sheep and goat herders, during the colonial period.

Some of them were eliminated through bounty hunting because the cats would enter villages and kill livestock. The cheetah is the only large mammal to become extinct in the country since its independence from British rule.

The world’s fastest land animal is poised to make a comeback in India.

India has been making efforts to reintroduce cheetahs since the 1950s. An effort in the 1970s from Iran was unsuccessful after the Shah of Iran was deposed and the negotiations stopped.

Proponents of the project say that the reintroduction of cheetahs will build up local economies and help restore ecosystems that support the big cats.

Cheetahs are the world’s fastest land animals, capable of reaching speeds of 70 miles (113km) an hour.

But some worry that relocation of animals is always fraught with risks and releasing the cheetahs into a park might put them in harm’s way.

Cheetahs are delicate animals who avoid conflict, and are targeted by competing predators. And the Kuno park has a sizeable leopard population which could kill cheetah cubs.

There is also a possibility that the cheetahs can stray outside the boundaries and get killed by people or other animals.

However, officials say the fears are unfounded as cheetahs are highly adaptable animals, and claim that the shortlisted site has been fully examined for habitat, prey and potential for man-animal conflict.

A combination of hunting, habitat loss and food scarcity led to the cheetah’s disappearance in India.

The first cheetah in the world to be bred in captivity was in India during the rule of Mughal emperor Jahangir.

His father, Akbar, recorded that there were 10,000 cheetahs during his time. He reigned from 1556 to 1605.

Much later, research suggested the number of cheetahs had dropped to a couple of hundred by the 19th Century – and the cat was reportedly sighted for the last time in India 70 years ago.

FONTE: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-62899981

Mali prime minister lashes out at France, UN, regional bloc


Acting Prime Minister of Mali Abdoulaye Maiga addresses the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Saturday, Sept. 24, 2022 at U.N. headquarters. (AP Photo/Mary Altaffer)

Mali’s prime minister lashed out Saturday at former colonizer France, the U.N. secretary-general and many people in between, saying that the tumultuous country had been “stabbed in the back” by the French military withdrawal. In the same remarks, Abdoulaye Maiga praised the “exemplary and fruitful cooperation between Mali and Russia.”

Maiga was directly criticizing U.N. Secretary-General Secretary-General Antonio Guterres by the fourth sentence of his speech to the General Assembly. And he slammed what he called France’s “unilateral decision” to relocate its remaining troops to neighboring Niger amid deteriorating relations with Mali’s two-time coup leader, Col. Assimi Goita.

While it was Goita and his allies who overthrew a democratically elected president by military force two years ago, Mali’s prime minister repeatedly referred to a “French junta” throughout his speech Saturday.

“Move on from the colonial past and hear the anger, the frustration, the rejection that is coming up from the African cities and countryside, and understand that this movement is inexorable,” Maiga said. “Your intimidations and subversive actions have only swelled the ranks of Africans concerned with preserving their dignity.”

France intervened militarily in 2013, leading an effort to oust Islamic extremists from control of the northern Malian towns they had overtaken. Over the past nine years, France had continued its presence in a bid to stabilize the country amid repeated attacks by insurgents. The French departure has raised new concerns about whether those militants will again regain territory with security responsibilities now falling to the Malian military and U.N. peacekeepers.

Maiga insisted Saturday that “terrorist groups have been severely weakened” since the August 2020 coup d’etat even though militants over the summer attacked the country’s largest military base, just 15 kilometers (9 miles) outside the capital, Bamako.

In a more than 30-minute speech, he referenced everything from Victor Hugo to the Rwandan genocide. Maiga repeated unfounded claims that France colluded with Islamic extremists and spoke of nefarious elements with “hidden agendas.”

At one point he even called into question the nationality of Niger’s President Mohamed Bazoum, whom he called a “foreigner who claims to be from Niger.”

“We know that the people of Niger, brothers of Mali, are distinguished by very rich societal, cultural and religious values,” Maiga said. “Bazoum is not a Nigerien.”

The Malian prime minister offered a grim assessment of the U.N. peacekeeping mission known as MINUSMA, while openly praising the influence of Russian mercenaries from the Wagner Group who have been accused of carrying out human rights abuses.

“We must recognize that nearly 10 years after its establishment, the objectives for which MINUSMA was deployed in Mali have not been achieved,” Maiga said. “This is despite numerous Security Council resolutions.”

The Malian prime minister had particularly sharp words as well for Guterres, criticizing his recent comments on the standoff between Mali and Ivory Coast over 46 detained Ivorian soldiers.

Maiga reiterated claims before the U.N. General Assembly Saturday that the soldiers were sent to Mali as mercenaries, which the Ivorian government has vigorously denied. Ivory Coast says the soldiers were to provide security for a company contracted by the United Nations, but Maiga maintained that there is “no link between the 46 and the United Nations.”

On Saturday, he said that soldiers had arrived in Bamako with weapons, indicating on their paperwork that they were painters and masons. Instead, he said, they came “with the evil intention of destabilizing the country.”

Three female Ivorian soldiers already have been released as a “humanitarian gesture,” but there have been no updates about the others.

“Since friendship is based on sincerity, I would like to express my deep disagreement with your recent media appearance, in which you took a position and expressed yourself on the case of the 46 Ivorian mercenaries,” he said in comments aimed at Guterres.

The nature of the offenses in the case “does not fall within the remit of the secretary-general of the United Nations,” he added.

Maiga, a government spokesman, was dispatched to New York to address the U.N. General Assembly instead of Goita. The coup leader instead attended celebrations Friday in Bamako marking Mali’s independence from France in 1960.

Also in attendance at that event was the junta leader who seized power in Guinea a little over a year after Mali’s coup d’etat. A third West African country, Burkina Faso, underwent a military coup in January, deepening fears that democracy is backsliding in the region amid mounting violence from Islamic extremists.

Fonte: https://apnews.com/article/united-nations-general-assembly-africa-france-c333d77da69f812a85d83ddb83b7e633

Lakhimpur: Família da Índia destruída pelo estupro e assassinato de irmãs Dalit

A família está de luto pela perda de suas filhas

Dias depois que duas irmãs foram encontradas penduradas em uma árvore no estado indiano de Uttar Pradesh, uma autópsia teria confirmado que as meninas foram estupradas e assassinadas. Geeta Pandey, da BBC, relata da aldeia das meninas no distrito de Lakhimpur, onde suas famílias estão tentando chegar a um acordo com sua perda colossal.

Chuvas torrenciais atingiram a região desde a noite de quarta-feira, atrapalhando o estreito caminho até sua casa na vila de Tamoli Purva, a pouco mais de 200 km da capital do estado Lucknow.

A escuridão dentro da casa de dois quartos reflete perfeitamente o céu cinzento lá fora.

Aqui está a família Dalit (anteriormente conhecida como intocáveis) de duas irmãs – 17 e 15 anos – cujas vidas foram brutalmente interrompidas, quando foram estupradas e estranguladas até a morte em um campo de cana-de-açúcar, não muito longe de sua casa.

Sua mãe, a única testemunha dos sequestros de suas filhas por três homens que vieram em uma moto na quarta-feira à tarde, senta-se em uma cama de corda, cercada por parentes do sexo feminino.

Ela está inconsolável.

“Minhas filhas se foram. Como vou viver agora?”, pergunta ela, com lágrimas escorrendo pelo rosto. “Eles viviam aqui”, diz ela dando tapinhas no coração.

Um minuto depois, a tristeza dá lugar à raiva. “Quero ver todos aqueles homens enforcados, do jeito que enforcaram minhas filhas”, diz ela.

Os corpos das vítimas foram encontrados pendurados em uma árvore em um campo próximo.

Seis homens foram presos pelo estupro coletivo e assassinato das garotas. A polícia diz que um deles é um vizinho e os outros cinco são muçulmanos de uma vila próxima – embora não se acredite que seja um crime religioso.

Os assassinatos voltaram a brilhar sobre a violência sexual enfrentada pelas 80 milhões de mulheres Dalit da Índia, uma comunidade que está no fundo da hierarquia de castas profundamente discriminatória da Índia.

No passado, autoridades de várias partes do país foram acusadas de não agirem rápido o suficiente em casos de crimes contra Dalits.

Vários políticos e ONGs têm visitado a família.

Desta vez também, a investigação policial levantou suspeitas e desencadeou protestos de moradores e partidos da oposição.

O governo do estado, liderado pelo ministro-chefe Yogi Adityanath, ofereceu uma compensação para a família e também prometeu que o caso seria ouvido em um tribunal rápido.

A polícia diz que as irmãs estavam em relacionamentos com dois dos homens que assassinaram as meninas porque estavam pressionando-as a se casar com elas.

Mas a reivindicação é fortemente contestada pela família e parentes. Lembram-se das garotas com carinho e carinho.

O mais velho tinha largado a escola para cuidar de casa e de coração por causa da saúde da mãe.

“Ela cozinhava, limpava e fazia todas as tarefas e cuidava de mim”, diz a mãe, que fez uma cirurgia há seis meses.

O mais jovem era o “tipo estudioso” que estudava no 10º ano em uma escola em uma cidade próxima.

“Ela queria estudar muito”, disse o pai, um trabalhador diurno que ganhava 250 rúpias (US$ 3,14; 2,75 libras) por dia. “Eu prometi a ela que a ajudaria a completar o ensino médio.”

Vivendo em uma pequena aldeia, as irmãs tiveram poucas oportunidades, mas sua família diz que eram talentosas e nutriram sonhos.

O jovem de 17 anos tinha talento para costurar roupas. Seu irmão mais velho diz que ele costumava levá-la para uma aldeia próxima durante quatro meses quando ela aprendeu a costurar.

Depois que ele começou a trabalhar, primeiro em Himachal Pradesh e depois em Delhi, ele comprou-lhe uma máquina de costura durante o festival de Holi em março.

A mãe deles mostra a blusa rosa. “Minha filha fez para mim”, diz ela.

A garota de 15 anos gostava de arte, diz ela, folheando o livro de desenho de sua filha mais nova.

Há poucas fotos das irmãs. A família diz que não tinha celulares, mas me mostram uma foto do tamanho do passaporte do jovem de 15 anos.

A garota, retratada em um fundo branco, ostenta dois longos tranças e há apenas um toque de um sorriso.

“Ela era a ambiciosa. Ela queria estudar e trabalhar. Ela queria abrir um salão de beleza”, conta uma tia.

Esses sonhos estão perdidos para sempre, diz o irmão.

Todo o bairro está abalado pelos assassinatos.

“Eu os vi quando cheguei em casa durante o festival de Rakhi em agosto”, diz ele, acrescentando que a família celebrou o festival hindu com muita alegria e risadas.

“Estávamos todos tão felizes. Nunca pensamos que algo assim pudesse acontecer em nossa aldeia. Minhas irmãs viviam uma vida muito protegida, nunca foram a lugar nenhum sozinhas”, diz ele.

“Se pode acontecer conosco, pode acontecer com qualquer um.”

FONTE: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-62923808

Sahel security crisis ‘poses a global threat’, Guterres warns

© FAO/IFAD/WFP/Luis Tato | In Niger, as in many other parts of the Sahel, climate shocks have resulted in recurring droughts with devastating impacts on the region’s already vulnerable populations.

Rising insecurity, including the proliferation of terrorist and other non-State armed groups, coupled with political instability, is creating a crisis in the Sahel that poses a “global threat”, the UN chief warned Thursday’s high level meeting on the vast African region, which took place behind closed doors at UN Headquarters in New York.

“If nothing is done, the effects of terrorism, violent extremism and organized crime will be felt far beyond the region and the African continent”, said Secretary-General António Guterres, in his remarks issued by his Spokesperson’s Office.

“A coordinated international breakthrough is urgently needed. We must rethink our collective approach and show creativity, going beyond existing efforts.”

The insecurity is making a “catastrophic humanitarian situation even worse”, he said, leaving some beleaguered national governments, without any access to their own citizens.

‘Deadly grip’ tightening

Meanwhile, “non-State armed groups are tightening their deadly grip over the region and are even seeking to extend their presence into the countries of the Gulf of Guinea.”

The indiscriminate use of violence by terrorist and other groups means that thousands of innocent civilians are left to suffer, while millions of others are forced from their homes, Mr. Guterres told the meeting of national leaders, during the High Level Week summit.

Women and children in particular are bearing the brunt of insecurity, violence and growing inequality”, he said, with human rights violations, sometimes committed by security forces mandated to protect civilians, “of great concern”.

© UNOCHA/Michele Cattani | Refugee women prepare food in a displacement site in Ouallam, in the Tillaberi region of Niger.

Climate factor

And the crises are being compounded by climate change, said the UN chief, with soil erosion and the drying-up of water sources, “thereby contributing to acute food insecurity and exacerbating tensions between farmers and herders.”

“Against a global backdrop of turmoil on energy, food and financial markets, the region is threatened by a systemic debt crisis that is likely to have repercussions throughout the continent.”

The conventional international finance remedies are not helping, the UN chief said bluntly, with more and more countries forced to channel precious reserves into servicing debt payments, leaving them unable to pursue an inclusive recovery, or boost resilience.

“It is absolutely necessary to change the rules of the game of the financial reports of the world. These rules of the game are today completely against the interests of developing countries, and in particular the interests of African countries”, said Mr. Guterres, “with debt problems, with liquidity problems, with inflation problems, with instability, necessarily posed by this profound injustice in international financial and economic relations.”

Democracy, constitutional order

The UN chief called for a “renewal of our collective efforts to promote democratic governance and restore constitutional order” across the whole Sahel, which stretches from Senegal in the west to northern Eritrea and Ethiopia in the east, a belt beneath the Sahara of up to 1,000 kilometres.

The rule of law and full respect for human rights are indispensable for ensuring security and sustainable development, Mr. Guterres said.

Addressing national leaders and senior politicians from the region, he said the UN “stands ready to work alongside you, with urgency and solidarity, for a peaceful, stable and prosperous Sahel.”

Fonte: https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/09/1127571