Los ACFI: un ajuste en la política exterior de Brasil

Publicado originalmente em Blog do Grupo de Pesquisa sobre Potências Médias:

por Esteban Actis[i]

El objetivo de cualquier política exterior radica en “traducir necesidades internas en oportunidades externas”, aseveró alguna vez el diplomático Celso Lafer[ii]. Dicha definición nos ayuda a comprender un importante acontecimiento que sucedió días atrás en torno a la estrategia internacional de Brasil,  el cual ha tenido poca trascendencia en los distintos medios de comunicación. En el marco de su gira africana, el Ministro de Relaciones Exteriores, Embajador Mauro Viera, firmó dos Acordo de Cooperação e Facilitação de Investimentos (ACFI) con Angola y Mozambique. Los mismos habían sido diseñado y propuestos por el gobierno de Rousseff en los últimos meses del año 2013[iii]. Los ACFI, que deben ser ratificados por el Congreso, formar parte del universo –más allá de denominación y características- conocido como Tratados Bilaterales de Inversiones (TBI), los cuales intentan ser una herramienta política y jurídica para promover y proteger las…

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Publicado originalmente em Blog do Grupo de Pesquisa sobre Potências Médias:

por Bárbara Ferreira Lopes[1]

As eleições na Nigéria nos dias 28 e 29 de março marcaram uma mudança no quadro governamental do país africano. A disputa presidencial foi vencida pelo partido de oposição, o All Progressive Congress (APC), liderado por Muhammadu Buhari. Pela primeira vez desde a volta do regime democrático, em 1999, o partido de situação será retirado do poder – Jonathan Goodluck buscava a sua reeleição pelo People’s Democratic Party (PDP).

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May Day demonstrators clash with security forces in Istanbul, S. Korea, Greece…

Left-wing political groups and trade unions are staging rallies across Europe, the Middle East and Asia on Friday to mark International Workers Day.

Most events are expected to be peaceful protests for workers’ rights and world peace, but May 1 regularly sees clashes between police and militant groups in some cities.


Police and May Day demonstrators clashed in Istanbul as crowds determined to defy a government ban tried to march to the city’s iconic Taksim Square.

Security forces pushed back demonstrators using water cannons and tear gas. Protesters retaliated by throwing stones and hurling firecrackers at police.

Authorities have blocked the square that is symbolic as the center of protests in which 34 people were killed in 1977.

Turkish newswires say that 10,000 police officers were stationed around the square Friday.

The demonstrations are the first large-scale protests since the government passed a security bill this year giving police expanded powers to crack down on protesters.

South Korea

Thousands of people marched in the capital Seoul on Friday for a third week to protest government labor policies and the handling of a ferry disaster that killed more than 300 people a year ago.

Demonstrators occupied several downtown streets and sporadically clashed with police officers. Protesters tried to move buses used to block their progress. Police responded by spraying tear gas. There were no immediate reports of injuries.

South Korean labor groups have been denouncing a series of government policies they believe will reduce wages, job security and retirement benefits for state employees.


In financially struggling Greece, an estimated 13,000 people took part in three separate May Day marches in Athens, carrying banners and shouting anti-austerity slogans. Minor clashes broke out at the end of the peaceful marches, when a handful of hooded youths threw a petrol bomb at riot police. No injuries or arrests were reported.

Earlier, ministers from the governing radical left Syriza party joined protesters gathering for the marches, including Finance Minister Yanis Varoufakis — who was mobbed by media and admirers — and the ministers of labor and energy.

In the northern city of Thessaloniki, police said another 13,000 people took part in three separate, peaceful marches.


In Moscow, tens of thousands of workers braved chilly rain to march across Red Square. Instead of the red flags with the Communist hammer and sickle used in Soviet times, they waved the blue flags of the dominant Kremlin party and the Russian tricolor.

Despite an economic crisis that is squeezing the working class, there was little if any criticism of President Vladimir Putin or his government.

Participants said the May 1 march was a tradition going back to their childhood. This Soviet nostalgia was imbued with feelings of patriotism in the run-up to the 70th anniversary of victory in World War II on May 9.

The Communist Party later held a separate march under the slogan “against fascism and in support of Donbass,” with participants calling for greater support for the separatists fighting the Ukrainian army in the Donbass region of eastern Ukraine.


Police in Berlin say the traditional `Walpurgis Night’ protest marking the eve of May 1 was calmer than previous years.

Several thousand people took part in anti-capitalist street parties in the north of the city. Fireworks and stones were thrown at police, injuring one officer. Fifteen people were detained. Elsewhere in the German capital revelers partied “extremely peacefully,” police noted on Friday morning.

At noon, Green Party activists unveiled a statue at Alexanderplatz in central Berlin of Edward Snowden, Julian Assange and Chelsea Manning, considered heroes by many on the left for leaking secret U.S. intelligence and military documents. The statue, called “Anything to say,” depicts the three standing on chairs and is scheduled to go on tour around the world.

Fonte: CBC

S. Korea lawmaker: North Korea leader executes about 15 officials in 2015


Seoul (CNN)North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is continuing to rule with an iron fist, having ordered the execution of about 15 senior officials so far this year, according to an assessment by South Korean intelligence agents, a lawmaker who attended a closed briefing said.

Shin Kyung-min, a lawmaker with the New Politics Alliance for Democracy, told a handful of reporters that he had been given the information by the South Korean National Intelligence Service.

CNN cannot independently confirm the executions. The nature of the intelligence supporting the National Intelligence Service allegations was also not immediately clear. North Korea is one of the most closed societies in the world.

According to Shin, intelligence officials say Kim is ruling in an impromptu manner and does not countenance excuses or any views at variance with his own.

He considers those a challenge to his authority, the intelligence officials said, according to Shin.

For example, a senior official with Ministry of Forestry was executed for expressing dissatisfaction with the country’s forestry program, the lawmaker said.

The vice chairman of the State Planning Commission was executed because he objected to changing the design of a science and technology hall from a rounded shape to one resembling a flower, the intelligence officials said, according to the lawmaker.

And in March, according to the South Korean lawmaker, Kim executed on charges of espionage four members of the Unhasu Orchestra, including the general director, because of a scandal, Shin said.

Kim became North Korea’s Supreme Commander in December 2011 following the death of his father, Kim Jong Il. According to the National Intelligence Service, he is reported to have executed 17 senior officials in 2012, 10 in 2013 and 41 in 2014.

The National Intelligence Service says there is a strong possibility that Kim will visit Russia, but given his nature, there is no way to be sure until the last minute.


Australia recalls ambassador after Indonesia executes prisoners


Australia has recalled its ambassador to Indonesia for consultations after two Australians were among eight drug smugglers executed by firing squad early Wednesday.

Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott called the executions “cruel and unnecessary” because both men, Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran, had been “fully rehabilitated” during a decade in prison.

Abbott didn’t say what permanent actions, if any, would be taken against Indonesia. “This is a dark moment in the relationship, but I’m sure the relationship will be restored,” he said.

One of the men’s Indonesian lawyers, Todung Mulya Lubis tweeted his apologies. “I failed. I lost,” he said. “I’m sorry.”

Indonesian President Joko Widodo appeared to shrug off the diplomatic recall, telling reporters that “our legal sovereignty must be respected. We also respect other countries’ legal sovereignty.”

Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said the country had no plans to recall its own ambassador in response. “This is a legal case. This is not a political case so at this very stage, we do not have any plan to call our ambassador back from Canberra,” he said.

Six other inmates were executed, including Nigerians Raheem Salami, Silvester Obiekwe Nwolise, Okwudil Oyatanze and Martin Anderson; Indonesian Zainal Abidin and Brazilian Rodrigo Gularte, who was said to be mentally ill.

On Wednesday, Brazil’s foreign ministry released a statement expressing “deep sadness” at Gularte’s execution, saying that Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff had urged her Indonesian counterpart to spare him due to his “psychiatric condition.”

Gularte is the second Brazilian to be executed in Indonesia this year, with the first — Marco Archer Cardoso Moreira — prompting the country to recall its ambassador for consultations.


Filipina spared

The Indonesian government had originally announced that nine prisoners would be executed, but at the last moment Filipina Mary Jane Veloso was spared.

“We are so happy, so happy. I thought I had lost my daughter already but God is so good. Thank you to everyone who helped us,” her mother Celia Veloso told CNN.

Philippines embassy officials said Veloso would be returned to Yogyakarta prison in Central Java later on Wednesday.

No reason was given for the reprieve but it may relate to developments in her case late on Tuesday. CNN Philippines reported that Veloso’s alleged recruiter, Maria Kristina Sergio and her partner Julius Lacanilao, surrendered to authorities. The report said Sergio had denied all accusations in relation to Veloso’s case.

Veloso’s lawyers claimed the mother-of-two was the victim of human trafficking. They say she was offered work in Malaysia, but when she arrived she was told the job had been filled and wasn’t aware the bag she’d been given for the return journey to Indonesia was filled with drugs.

A tenth prisoner, Frenchman Serge Atlaoui, was also scheduled to be executed but his case was delayed while a court considers a legal challenge.

No reprieve for Australians

Candlelight vigils were held for Chan and Sukumaran in the hours ahead of the expected execution. The men’s legal teams had been fighting for years for a stay, but it wasn’t to be.

The men — then aged in their early twenties — were arrested in 2005 as part of the “Bali Nine,” a drug smuggling gang that intended to import 8 kilograms (17.6 pounds) of heroin from Bali to Australia. They failed.

The pair were transported with other prisoners to Indonesia’s so-called “execution island” in March, and after being given 72-hours notice of their execution on Saturday, Chan married his longtime girlfriend, Febyanti Herewila, on Monday in prison.

The executions of Sukumaran and Chan came despite the fact that both this week received a court date of May 12 to hear an outstanding legal challenge.

On Tuesday, lawyers for the men also said Indonesia’s Judicial Commission had yet to properly investigate claims of corruption during their original trial and sentencing. They said three of the men’s Indonesian lawyers had been summoned to attend the commission on May 7.

However, before the executions, Indonesia insisted that all legal avenues had closed.

On Tuesday, the prisoners’ families were heard wailing as they boarded a boat for the execution site. Visiting hours were extended until 8 p.m. to give them extra time before they were asked to leave.

The death penalty

Under Indonesian law, the death penalty is carried out by a 12-man firing squad, although only three guns are loaded with live ammunition.

Prisoners are given the choice of whether to stand or sit, and whether they want to wear a blindfold, hood or nothing. The shots — aimed at the heart — are fired from between 5 and 10 meters (16 to 33 feet), according to Amnesty International.

After the executions, the rights group released a statement condemning them as “reprehensible” and issue fresh calls for a moratorium on the death penalty.

Indonesia fighting ‘drugs crisis’

While the Bali Nine have garnered much international attention, their punishment is part of a larger government effort to combat illegal drug trafficking.

Indonesian President Widodo has insisted that Indonesia would not be swayed by appeals for clemency because the country is dealing with a “drugs crisis.” He told CNN in January that clemency would not be extended to drug traffickers, leading to an appeal from Chan and Sukumaran that their cases hadn’t been properly considered.

Indonesia President: ‘No compromise’ for drug executions01:26

Lawyers for the two men said they underwent radical rehabilitation during their 10 years in Kerobokan prison and were helping to counsel and support other inmates.

Chan was ordained as a Christian minister who led prayer meetings, while Sukumaran became an accomplished painter and established his own art classes inside the Bali prison.

Foreigners executed

The Indonesian government didn’t confirm until late Tuesday that the executions were to go ahead.

Preparations were clearly underway earlier that day, with the arrival of ambulances at the port where boats leave to go to Nusa Kambangan island where the prisoners were being held.

Images showed individual crosses bearing the prisoners’ names and the date April 29, 2015.

Families were in little doubt as to what lay ahead.

When reports of his death emerged, Sukumaran’s cousin tweeted: “I love you more than you can imagine. Your legacy will live on. I promise. Save me a place in heaven.”


Siguen los diálogos y esfuerzos por la paz de Colombia


El cese bilateral del fuego y la persistencia de las negociaciones han sido peticiones que se han hecho esta semana para poner fin al conflicto armado de más de 50 años. Los esfuerzos para que continúen los diálogos de paz de Colombia en La Habana, Cuba, siguen de pie, luego de los últimos hechos registrados en el Cauca colombiano al suroccidente del país donde murieron 11 soldados y han sido asesinados seis indígenas. Por un lado, el expresidente de Uruguay, José “Pepe” Mujica, informó que viajará pronto a Cuba para prestar colaboración en los diálogos de paz que adelantan el Gobierno colombiano y las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC). Por otra parte, el grupo insurgente se pronunció el viernes en una carta abierta al presidente Juan Manuel Santos, en donde le solicitaron que se muestren los archivos de información de Colombia durante el largo conflicto político y armado que lleva más de medio siglo en ese país, para que la sociedad pueda aproximarse a la verdad. El presidente Juan Manuel Santos, aseguró desde Cartagena que espera que las FARC pidan perdón por los hechos ocurridos en el Cauca, de los cuales todavía no se tiene una versión clara debido a que existen versiones encontradas respecto a estos hechos.

Asesinatos en el Cauca La Organización Nacional Indígena de Colombia (ONIC), denunció que en los últimos días han muerto seis indígenas en el Cauca en hechos de violencia relacionados con el conflicto armado. Insistió en la necesidad de un cese bilateral definitivo y pidió que saquen a los pueblos indígenas del conflicto, así como una comisión humanitaria de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, la Defensoría del Pueblo y el Frente Amplio por la paz, para que investiguen las circunstancias en que se dieron los asesinatos. El Frente Amplio por la Paz, realizó el jueves la entrega de un informe que aborda la situación de Derechos Humanos en medio del cese unilateral y con el objetivo de que sea un soporte para alcanzar el fin del conflicto.

Cese unilateral Las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) afirmaron desde La Habana (Cuba) que mantendrán su tregua unilateral en Colombia, a menos que sus unidades sean asediadas por el Ejército colombiano, al tiempo que llamaron a persistir en las negociaciones de paz. EN CONTEXTO Desde la madrugada de este pasado jueves se registraron nuevos bombardeos en la zona del Cauca, en operaciones del ejército colombiano en contra de las FARC, poniendo en peligro la continuidad del cese unilateral al fuego. Esta acción del Gobierno se da en medio de la petición de un cese bilateral del fuego. El Departamento del Cauca ha sido escenario histórico del conflicto armado interno el cual ha tenido un alto impacto en sus pobladores, quienes son los afectados de manera directa. El pasado 10 de abril inició el ciclo 35 de los Diálogos de Paz, luego de acordar puntos relacionados con las drogas ilícitas, la participación política y el tema agrario, ahora los negociadores tratan el tema de las víctimas del conflicto armado, uno de los dos puntos que faltan para poner fin al conflicto que lleva más de 50 años.

lapazsejuegaenelcauca.jpg_1312221977.jpg_1312221977.jpg_1312221977Fonte: Telesur

Líder de las FARC insta a perseverar en diálogos de paz


En un comunicado emitido este viernes, alias Timochenko, cuestionó la posición del Gobierno en Cuba, que a su juicio parece empeñado en reducir los alcances de las negociaciones a la aceptación de condenas y penas por parte de los mandos de la guerrilla. El líder de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC-EP), Timoleón Jiménez, alias Timochenko, reiteró la disposición del grupo insurgente para encontrar soluciones al conflicto armado e instó a que continúen los Diálogos de Paz. “Tales diálogos no deben romperse por ningún motivo”, insistió Londoño, a través de un comunicado reciente publicado este viernes. Timochenko, recordó el clamor unánime de sus compatriotas el pasado 9 de abril a favor de la aplicación del cese al fuego bilateral y el término de la guerra interna, que ha durado más de medio siglo. Además de respaldar los diálogos de paz en La Habana (Cuba), entre el Gobierno y las FARC-EP, los asistentes a la multitudinaria marcha por la paz exigieron también iniciar reuniones formales con el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), otro de los grupos insurgentes activos en el país, agregó. Vea también → FARC pide tregua bilateral tras nuevos combates en Cauca En su pronunciamiento aclaró que su posición ha sido la de reconocer en todo momento la parte de la responsabilidad que les corresponde. “Pero el Estado también deben asumir con franqueza la suya, carece de sentido pretender que la dirigencia insurgente resulte condenada como culpable única y que además se someta a penas que la excluirán de la política a futuro”, añadió. De lo que se trata -consideró- es de hallar una salida concertada, un acuerdo entre dos partes que desean poner fin al largo calvario de la confrontación entre los hijos de una misma patria. Lea → Seis comuneros indígenas son asesinados en el Cauca colombiano

EN CONTEXTO -> El pasado miércoles el presidente colombiano, Juan Manuel Santos, ordenó reanudar los bombardeos contra los campamentos de las FARC-EP, tras la muerte de 11 efectivos del ejército en el departamento de El Cauca, durante un enfrentamiento con miembros de ese grupo guerrillero.


Fonte: Telesur