Discurso do Ministro Mauro Vieira por ocasião da Conferência Internacional de Apoio à Síria e Região – Londres, 4 de fevereiro de 2016 [Inglês]

Publicado originalmente: 04/02/2016

20160204-ME-discurso-1First of all, allow me to congratulate the Governments of the United Kingdom, Germany, Norway and Kuwait, as well as the United Nations, on the organization of this timely and important conference.

The numbers resulting from the conflict in Syria are well known to all of us: a death toll too great to be overlooked and a humanitarian drama that has turned far too many average Syrian citizens into victims for the international community to ignore. Not to mention an entire generation of Syrian children and youth left out without an education, deprived of aspirations and dreams. This is a human tragedy of epic proportions, one that affects all of humanity.

That is why I hereby announce that Brazil is channeling over 1.3 million dollars to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees with the purpose of alleviating the plight and the suffering of Syrian refugees in the neighboring countries and elsewhere. Furthermore, Brazil has purchased 1.85 million dollars’ worth of food supplies – roughly 4.500 tons of rice – which will hopefully help improve food security for refugees and internally displaced people in the Levant. In spite of the fiscal and budgetary adjustment my Government is currently carrying out, Brazil sees humanitarian assistance to those in need as a responsibility we cannot shy away from.

Helping those suffering from war, terrorism and chaos is one side of the coin. The other one is giving shelter to those trying to run away from such ordeal. Brazil’s humanitarian visa policy, which was extended for two additional years last September, has allowed for more than 2,000 people affected by the conflict in Syria to seek refuge in Brazil since 2013. Another 7,000 of such visas have already been issued, allowing those who have applied for it to safely arrive at Brazilian shores.

As the home of the largest Syrian diaspora in the world, a land that has offered safe haven for people fleeing the Levant for over a century now, a country that has been shaped by the contribution of immigrants and their descendants, including over 4 million Brazilians of Syrian ascent, Brazil has opened its arms to receive those fleeing from the conflict in Syria and from the threat of terrorism.

Ladies and gentlemen,

Our efforts today will have limited impact if a meaningful political solution is not reached soon enough. Last December, for the very first time since the beginning of the conflict in Syria five years ago, the UN Security Council formally acknowledged that there cannot be a military solution for the Syrian crisis. Brazil has long advocated that a political solution is the only road there is. We welcome Resolution 2254 and encourage all key stakeholders to follow the roadmap outlined therein. We also welcome Resolution 2258 and urge concerned actors to comply with international humanitarian law and to provide safe, full and unimpeded access to humanitarian agencies on the ground.

The international community must be prepared to fully support the mediation efforts led by the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Syria, Staffan di Mistura, and to further encourage the intra-Syrian dialogue, in spite of the many obstacles and shortcomings it faces.

Helping Syrians to broker a political solution; stemming the bloodshed; alleviating the hardship caused by war; keeping Syria united; fighting and preventing terrorism; rebuilding a country thorn-apart: these are the tasks ahead. Daunting for sure, but unavoidable. You must rest assured that Brazil will shoulder its share of responsibility for carrying out the momentous collective endeavor that lies ahead of us.

Thank you very much.

Fonte: Itamaraty

Jordan: High Commissioner Meets Syrian Refugees in Za’atari Camp

Publicado originalmente em: 18/01/2016

Filippo Grandi – UN High Commissioner for Refugees – calls for greater international efforts to end world’s worst humanitarian crisis on visit to Syrian refugees in the region’s largest refugee camp – Za’atari.

“It is essential that the international community and all actors that have an influence on the parties to the conflict – and the parties to the conflict themselves, first and foremost – exercise greater efforts towards peace,” he told a news conference.

“If a settlement of the conflict is not found, this crisis will not end and we will continue year after year to ask the international community for huge amounts of money to support refugees that – until there is peace – will not want to go back.”

Fonte: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

The Long Journey – A Syrian Family’s Europe Passage

Publicado originalmente em: 29/12/2015

After explosions rock their home in Kobane Syria, a young family set out on a perilous journey in search of safety in northern Europe.

“Our life was destroyed. We saw many people slaughtered in front of our eyes. We don’t dare go back,” Naleen said, huddled under a tree.

Dara and Naleen were among the thousands who fled Kobane, the Kurdish village on Syria’s border with Turkey, which was overrun by militants.

It was on the beach of the small fishing village of Skala Sikaminias, under the light of the Church of the Mermaid Madonna that we first met Dara and Naleen and their family. Like so many others, they had nothing but their mobile phones, some money, a bag for the children and the clothes on their backs.

Fonte: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

UN warns of dire humanitarian situation in Madaya

Publicado originalmente em: 14/01/2016

A second convoy of aid has left the Syrian capital Damascus for the town of Madaya which is under the control of foreign-backed militants.
Fifty trucks carrying international aid have left the capital Damascus for the town where more than two dozen people are reported to have starved to death.

The first shipment was sent earlier this week. Aid organizations say the situation in Madaya is extremely dire.

Aid convoys have also been dispatched to the towns of Fu’ah and Kafriya in Idlib countryside which are besieged by the militants.

Trucks of the International Committee of the Red Cross and the UN are now on the edges of the towns waiting for the green light to enter.

According to UN estimates, more than four-and-a-half million Syrians, living in besieged or hard-to-reach areas, are in desperate need of humanitarian aid and medical supplies to survive.

Fonte: Press TV

Jornalista brasileira em áreas de conflito

Em entrevista concedida em 19/11/2015, a jornalista Adriana Carranca fala do drama dos refugiados; da guerra civil na Síria; da atuação do grupo Estado Islâmico; do protagonismo das mulheres nos países em guerra; das jornalistas em áreas de conflito; das mudanças religiosas e étnicas nos países que recebem os refugiados; dentre outros.

Fonte: Roda Viva

Migration patterns and the unique challenges they pose for European policymakers

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Publicado originalmente em: 04/01/2016

You’ve no doubt seen or heard the stories by now: Thousands of migrants, seeking refuge from conflicts, oppression and poverty in many parts of the world, paying smugglers and often meeting a tragic end at sea.

Refugee crises have emerged in places as far-flung as Southeast Asia – where Myanmar’s minority Rohingya Muslims are seeking better fortunes abroad – and in the Mediterranean Sea. In fact, some groups say that the world is now in the midst of the worst refugee crisis to emerge since the end of World War II.

The waves of migrants who have been displaced by conflicts in the Middle East, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa pose a particularly difficult challenge for the European Union – where political bonds have been frayed by the ongoing economic crisis.

Fonte: STRATFOR

A crise síria bem contada em 10 minutos e 15 mapas

Publicado originariamente em: 08/10/2015

A crise na Síria contada em 10 minutos e 15 mapas.

Fonte: #WHYMAPS