Katherine Jin, jovem cientista, vence sexismo e apoia luta contra o ebola na África

Para jovens mulheres cientistas, vencer os preconceitos sexistas pode ser uma luta árdua. Uma delas, Katherine Jin, já promoveu um grande impacto na área, ajudando a comunidade internacional a vencer o ebola na África Ocidental. Confira sua história – em suas próprias palavras.

How can young people secure a better future for Africa?

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03/08/2017, by Gerald Chirinda

With 70% of Africa’s population under the age of 30, we as a continent are presented with a great opportunity and, possibly, a great challenge. Young Africans today are taking actions that not only have an immediate impact, but will also determine the future of the continent for decades to come.

Never has there been such weighty responsibility on the shoulders of young people. Never has there been the influence in the hands of young people like the influence they carry now. But for Africa to reap the dividends she has longed for, it is up to our generation to make sure that influence is channelled correctly and directed towards relevant issues that affect not only ourselves, but generations after us. This can only be achieved if we come together as young people and begin to address the challenges before us as a continent.

The role of African youth is drastically changing, but so are some of the challenges we face, such as employability and entrepreneurship opportunities. The strength of any society is within the strength and resolve of its youth – what investment are young people making in our continent today?

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As the world faces an unprecedented famine threat, the G7 nations must act

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24/05/2017, by Winnie Byanyima

We all celebrated. Poverty in the world halved in just two decades – historic success, humankind at its best, a world altogether more free, less exposed to disease, less violent. More girls in school, too! We Africans were told that “war, famine and dictators have become rarer.”

Today that celebration stops.often speak about how our progress for a better world is threatened by a spiraling gap between rich and poor, withering global governance, climate change and more. Now, in failing to tackle these, something profoundly catastrophic is taking hold.

The UN sounded the alarm earlier this year, joined by Oxfam and others. Our world of plenty is on the brink of unprecedented famine. Even as one famine in one country should be unacceptable – today we face the risk of four. People are dying and unless political decisions change, deaths will increase exponentially.

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Crise econômica e abusos na Líbia têm forçado refugiados e migrantes a fugir para a Europa

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06/07/2017

Cerca da metade das pessoas que chegam à Líbia está em busca de trabalho, mas acabam sendo forçadas a fugir para a Europa para escapar de riscos de morte, instabilidade, difíceis condições econômicas, assim como exploração e abusos generalizados no país. A conclusão é de novo estudo da Agência da ONU para Refugiados (ACNUR) sobre fluxos de refugiados e migrantes divulgado na segunda-feira (3).

Os cidadãos estrangeiros que estão indo para a Líbia fazem parte de um fluxo migratório misto, ou seja, composto por pessoas vindas de diferentes contextos, mas que viajam juntos pelas mesmas rotas, muitas vezes com o auxílio de contrabandistas e gangues criminosas. Os grupos são compostos por refugiados, solicitantes de refúgio, migrantes econômicos, menores desacompanhados, deslocados por motivos de catástrofes ambientais, vítimas de tráfico humano, entre outros.

Nos últimos anos, o número de pessoas que cruzou o mar do norte da África para o sul da Europa aumentou consideravelmente. Ao que tudo indica, a tendência é de que continue nesse ritmo, de acordo com o ACNUR. Das três principais rotas utilizadas por refugiados e migrantes para chegar à Europa – as rotas ocidental, central e oriental do Mediterrâneo – A Líbia se tornou a mais comum e também a mais mortal.

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O que o BRICS está pensando? Entidade divulga comunicado conjunto

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20/06/17

Após reunião de dois dias em Pequim, os ministros das Relações Exteriores do BRICS – Brasil, Rússia, Índia, China e África do Sul – divulgaram um comunicado conjunto sobre as análises e deliberações do bloco. A Sputnik traz alguns dos pontos mais relevantes do documento.

 

Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU)

A necessidade de reformar a ONU, assim como seu conselho de segurança, foi reafirmada pela publicação, para torná-lo “mais representativo, efetivo e eficiente”. O bloco entende que os países em desenvolvimento devem ter sua representação aumentada.

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Ogiek: The African Court of Human and People’s Rights first decision on indigenous rights

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28/05/2017

This past Friday, 26 May 2017, the African Court of Human and Peoples’ Rights handed down its first judgement on the rights of indigenous peoples in the matter of African Commission of Human and Peoples’ Rights v The Republic of Kenya (the Ogiek case). The case concerns the Ogiek people, an indigenous community of about 20 000 people who live in the Mau Forest in the central Rift Valley in Kenya. In 2009, officials from the Kenyan Forest Service served an eviction notice on the community and other settlers requiring them to leave the forest within 30 days. The notice was issued on the grounds that the forest constitutes a reserve water catchment zone and that the land is state property. The Ogiek people argued that the decision to evict was taken without regard to the importance of the forest to the community and to their survival, and without any consultation with the community, in violation of the State’s obligations under the African Charter of Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Like the Endorois decision handed down by the African Commission of Human and Peoples’ Rights in 2009 (also a case about the eviction of a group by the Kenyan Forestry Service), this case turns on questions about what constitutes an indigenous group and whether Kenya’s alleged environmental concerns justify overriding obligations to these groups under the African Charter.

The Court found that Kenya had violated the Ogiek community’s rights under Article 14 (the right to property), Article 2 (the right to equality), Article 8 (the right to freedom of religion), Article 17(2) and (3) (the right to culture), Article 21 (the right to free disposal of wealth and natural resources), Article 22 (the right to economic, social and cultural development) and Article 1 (the State duty to take all legislative and other measures necessary to give effect to the Charter). The Court found no violation of Article 4 (the right to life). In this post I briefly consider some of these Articles and the Court’s findings.

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La France propose à l’ONU de déployer une force anti-djihadistes au Sahel

Emmanuel Macron et le président malien Ibrahim Boubacar Keita avec les troupes de l'opération Barkhane, le 19 mai 2017.

Elle pourrait « utiliser tous les moyens nécessaires » pour « combattre le terrorisme, le trafic de drogue et le trafic de personnes ». La France a présenté mardi un projet de résolution au Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU autorisant le déploiement d’une force militaire africaine chargée de combattre les djihadistes et les trafiquants de drogue dans le Sahel. Le Conseil pourrait voter sur cette proposition de résolution la semaine prochaine.

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