WannaCry: China descobre nova mutação do vírus responsável por ciberataque mundial

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Tela da Agência de Segurança e Internet da Coreia mostra expansão do vírus. YONHAP (EFE)

15/05/2017

As autoridades chinesas anunciaram a descoberta de uma nova mutação do vírus WannaCry, responsável pelo ciberataque mundial que afetou mais de 150 países e 200.000 computadores desde sexta-feira, informa o jornal oficial Global Times.

Em nota emitida no domingo, a Agência do Ciberespaço, o Departamento de Segurança Pública e a Comissão Municipal de Economia e Tecnologia da Informação de Pequim afirmam que a nova versão do vírus, o WannaCry 2.0, driblou as medidas de segurança implantadas após o primeiro ataque.

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Coreia do Sul: novo presidente inicia diálogo com China e Japão sobre Coreia do Norte

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11/05/2017

O novo presidente sul-coreano já começou a dialogar com os vizinhos sobre a situação da Coreia do Norte. Com uma postura mais flexível que os governos anteriores, Moon Jae-in afirmou que diálogo e sanções são a saída para a crise.

Antigo advogado de direitos humanos, Moon tomou posse nesta quarta-feira (11) e afirmou em seu primeiro discurso como mandatário que irá tratar da tensão na península coreana imediatamente.

A primeira conversa de Moon foi com presidente chinês Xi Jinping. O diálogo foi sobre como lidar com o desenvolvimento do programa nuclear da Coreia do Norte.

“A resolução da questão nuclear da Coreia do Norte precisa de uma resposta compreensiva e sequencial, com pressão e sanções em paralelo às negociações”, disse Moon a Xi Kinping, segundo o porta-voz Yoon Young-chan. Moon afirmou que estaria disposto a visitar Pyongyang “sob as condições certas”.

A posição do novo presidente contrasta com a política de Trump, que afirma que a Coreia do Norte deve abandonar seu programa nuclear antes de voltar a negociar.
Ainda assim, Trump, que conversou com Moon no dia de sua posse, também já disse que poderia visitar Kim Jong-un.

“As ameaças do programa de mísseis e do programa nuclear da Coreia do Norte entraram em um novo estágio”, disse o primeiro-ministro Shinzo Abe, de acordo com seu chefe de gabinete.

Abe ainda afirmou que o “diálogo pelo diálogo” seria infrutífero e pediu uma demonstração “concreta e sincera” das intenções de Pyongyang.

Fonte: Sputnik

Reuters: Japan, China to boost financial ties amid protectionist, North Korean tensions

 

Chinese Finance Minister Xiao Jie (R) and Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso shake hands in Yokohama

Chinese Finance Minister Xiao Jie (R) and Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso shake hands during their bilateral meeting, on the sidelines of Asian Development Bank (ADB) annual meeting, in Yokohama, Japan, Saturday, May 6, 2017. REUTERS/Koji Sasahara/Pool

By Tetsushi Kajimoto | YOKOHAMA, JAPAN

06/05/2017

Japan and China agreed to bolster economic and financial cooperation, Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso said on Saturday, as U.S. President Donald Trump’s protectionist stance and tension over North Korea weigh on Asia’s growth outlook.

Chinese Finance Minister Xiao Jie, who missed a trilateral meeting with his Japanese and South Korean counterparts on Friday for an emergency domestic meeting, had flown in for the talks with Aso, seeking to dispel speculation his absence had any diplomatic implications.

“We actively exchanged views on economic and financial situations in Japan and China and our cooperation in the financial field,” Aso told reporters after the meeting, which included senior finance ministry and central bank officials.

“It was significant that we reconfirmed the need of financial cooperation between the two countries while sharing our experiences in dealing with economic policies and structural issues,” he added.

The two countries agreed to launch joint research on issues of mutual interest – without elaborating – and to report the outcomes at the next talks, which will be held in 2018 in China.

They did not discuss issues such as currencies and geopolitical risks from North Korea’s nuclear and missile program during the dialogue, held on the sidelines of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) annual meeting in Yokohama, eastern Japan, Aso said.

Relations between Japan and China have been strained over territorial rows and Japan’s occupation of parts of China in World War Two, though leaders have recently sought to mend ties through dialogue.

Still, China’s increasing presence in infrastructure finance has alarmed some Japanese policymakers, who worry that Beijing’s new development bank, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), may overshadow the Japan-backed ADB.

Shortly before the bilateral talks on Saturday, Xiao voiced hope that the ADB will boost ties with China’s high profile “One Belt One Road” infrastructure development initiatives.

“China hopes the ADB … strengthens the strategic ties between its programs and the One Belt One Road initiative to maximize synergy effects and promote Asia’s further development,” Xiao told the ADB’s annual gathering.

Japan and China do agree on the need to respect free trade, which they see as crucial to Asia’s trade-dependent economies.

Finance officials from Japan, China and South Korea agreed to resist all forms of protectionism in Friday’s trilateral meeting, taking a stronger stand than G20 major economies against the protectionist policies advocated by Trump.

China has positioned itself as a supporter of free trade in the wake of Trump’s calls to put America’s interests first and pull out of multilateral trade agreements.

Japan has taken a more accommodative stance toward Washington’s argument that trade must not just be free but fair.

(Reporting by Tetsushi Kajimoto; Editing by Nick Macfie and Alexander Smith)

Fonte: Reuters

China may not be as strong as you think

Published on Sept 16, 2016

George Friedman, the founder of Geopolitical Futures, explains where China’s real wealth resides, how its natural military buffer helps and hinders it, and why the country should not be concerned with islands in the South China Sea.

Business Insider

Examining the South China Sea Ruling

Published on Jul 31, 2016

STRATFOR

The time is now for a new Latin America-China partnership to foster mutual development strategies, says the Latin American Economic Outlook 2016

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12-12-2015

Cartagena, Colombia – 11 December 2015 – Latin America’s GDP growth slowdown deepened and is expected to be negative in 2015. For a second consecutive year, Latin America falls behind the average growth of OECD countries after a full decade of convergence with advanced economies, according to the Latin American Economic Outlook 2016.

Weaker global growth, lower commodity prices and a loss of investment momentum are having an impact on the region’s growth. However, Latin American and Caribbean economies are not homogeneous: manufacture exporters in Mexico and Central America are recovering, whereas Andean countries struggle to maintain growth and two key economies –Brazil and Venezuela – are now in recession.

In their annual jointly produced report, the OECD Development Centre, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and CAF – Development Bank of Latin America call for an enhanced Latin America-China partnership. As the China-led Shifting Wealth phenomenon – where the global economy’s centre of gravity is shifting more towards emerging economies – enters a new phase, affecting the global economy, Latin America should try to face the challenges of addressing its inclusive growth agenda, say the Outlook’s authors.

“The middle-income trap is a persistent challenge for Latin America, which needs to pursue a greater degree of productive diversification, upgrading and integration. China’s new normal is a wake-up call and an opportunity for the region’s development strategy towards these goals,” OECD Development Centre Director, Mario Pezzini, said while launching the Outlook at the First Meeting of Foreign Affairs Ministers of the Ibero-American Conference in Cartagena de Indias on December 11th.

Since 2000, the trade relationship between Latin America and China has experienced an exceptional expansion, multiplying 22 fold, compared to a 3 fold increase with the world at large, says the report.

The evolution of China’s participation in Latin American global value chains has been remarkable and has even surpassed intraregional ones: between 2000 and 2011, the region’s intraregional share of backward linkages grew from 5% to 9%, and China’s share roared from 1% to 11%. Today, China is the largest trading partner for Brazil, Chile and Peru.

Latin America has to advance in its integration agenda, building on existing platforms such as Mercosur, the Pacific Alliance and CARICOM to grasp the benefits of higher integration in global value chains.

Ms. Alicia Bárcena, ECLAC’s Executive Secretary, called for “better integrated regional markets, since they offer opportunities to serve larger consumer demand, achieve economies of scale and attract greater foreign direct investment, combined with measures enhancing competition and better access to global value chains.”

Integration is all the more key as lower Chinese demand for commodities, together with a fall in prices, is set to continue affecting Latin American commodity exporters over the next decades. According to the Outlook’s projections, Latin America’s export growth will slow from 16% to 4% by 2030 in the case of metals and energy, and from 12% to 3% for food.

To seize the momentum of the new opportunities propelled by China’s new normal and to remain competitive, Latin American and Caribbean economies need, first, to pursue innovative development policies to better cater to growing Chinese domestic demand, notably in the agro-food industry and services. Designing policies and a truly effective strategy in skills and innovation will also be essential to keep up with how China is strengthening its human capital. By 2030, nearly 200 million Chinese will have attained tertiary education, doubling the number of Latin America’s graduates.

“Latin America and China must work together in the deepening of a dynamic, long-term and strategic relationship based on a common agenda. Such a relationship should promote symmetry in trading relations, technology transfers and strategic investments,” said Enrique García, CEO and President of CAF – development bank of Latin America.

Existing financial ties between the region and China need to be deepened and optimised. Chinese loans to Latin America have reached USD 94 billion since 2010, with China becoming the region’s largest lender. This trend is likely to persist, expanding to new countries and sectors. However, according to the Outlook, lending should be matched by greater transparency and regulation, particularly vis-à-vis environmental impacts.

Shifting towards skill- and technology-intensive industries and optimising financing flows to close the infrastructure gap could help maximise benefits offered by China’s new normal. In this way, China can maintain Latin America as a reliable source of commodities, a sound market for its exports and an attractive destination for diversifying its outward investment.

For more information on the Latin American Economic Outlook 2016: Towards a new partnership with China, visit: www.latameconomy.org.

To obtain a copy of the report, journalists are invited to contact Bochra Kriout (Bochra.Kriout@oecd.org; Tel: +33 1 45 24 82 96).

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Fonte: OCDE

Yuan spreads to world’s biggest $15tn metals bourse

Published time: 28 Jul, 2015 15:08

Traders and clerks work at the London Metal Exchange (LME) in London. © Paul Hackett
The London Metal Exchange (LME) on Tuesday started accepting yuan as collateral against contracts after getting permission from the Bank of England.

“The renminbi [yuan – Ed.] is on its way to becoming one of the world’s most widely-used currencies. We are pleased to be able to help our members take advantage of the opportunities arising from the renminbi’s internationalization,” Trevor Spanner, chief executive of LME Clear, said in a statement.

There are now five currencies used at the LME: US dollars, euro, British pounds, Japanese yen and offshore renminbi.

The LME was acquired by Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing Ltd. (HKEx) for $2.2 billion in 2012, and yuan trading is another stepping stone for China. The country accounts for about 70 percent of iron ore consumption, and more than 40 percent of the demand for copper, aluminum and nickel, according to the data provided by Bloomberg

“This is an important development for the LME and LME Clear, and it highlights the stronger ties and synergy between Hong Kong and London since the LME became part of the HKEx Group,” said Charles Li, Chief Executive of HKEx.

The LME is the world centre for the trading of industrial metals with more than 82 percent of all the non-ferrous metal futures business transacted on the exchange. In 2014 this resulted in $15 trillion worth of business, in 4 billion tons of metals, in 177 million lots, according to its website.

The Chinese expansion comes at the time when the national stock exchange is suffering its most dramatic fall in 8 years, down 8.5 percent on Monday. Despite the stock crisis the yuan has made another stride towards becoming an international reserve currency.

Fonte: RT