Brazil begins to prepare for a post-Maduro Venezuela


Publicado originalmente em: 26/02/2016

maduro

 

As Venezuela’s political and economic crisis rages on, foreign policy makers across the region, irrespective of their ideological orientation, are slowly beginning to reorient their positions vis-à-vis the world’s worst-performing economy. While the change of posture has been quite abrupt in Argentina, where Macri’s election victory transformed Buenos Aires from Maduro’s greatest ally to its greatest critic, the Brazilian government is quietly adapting to the growing regional consensus that Maduro may no longer be in office by the end of the year. Venezuela’s embattled President — generally seen as incompetent even by many chavistas — may either face a coup from his own party, or be ousted by the country’s National Assembly, dominated by opposition parties.

Critics have argued for months that the Brazilian government should be more assertive in establishing a dialogue with Venezuela’s opposition, anticipating that Venezuela’s current economic model would be one of the commodity bust’s most prominent victims, after years of profligate spending that depended on unusually high oil prices. The Venezuelan government’s authoritarian streak only became more apparent when President Maduro recently announced a rule that foreign embassies could only contact opposition members after obtaining a written permission by the government — a move ridiculed and openly ignored by many foreign diplomats in the country. Dilma Rousseff, on the other hand, has traditionally been more reluctant to criticize of provoke Caracas, possibly worried about Brazil’s massive investments in Venezuela, and the approximately U$6 bn the Venezuelan government owes to Brazilian companies.

It this context, it was highly significant that on February 25, Foreign Minister Mauro Vieira was the first leading Brazilian government representative in seventeen years to officially welcome members of Venezuela’s opposition in Brasília. Luis Florido and Williams Dávila (pictured below), currently traveling the region in order to shore up support for their attempt to oust Maduro, also spoke with Brazilian opposition figures, such as Aloysio Nunes, in the Senate’s Commission for Foreign Relations.

Opposition

The meaning of Vieira’s decision to meet opposition figures in Brasília, of course, should not be exaggerated, and the Brazilian government is extremely unlikely to align with Argentina’s more critical stance. Rather, the move is the product of a growing and purely pragmatic concern in Brasília that a change of government in Venezuela could lead to a deterioration of bilateral relations, and the awkward scenario of a post-Maduro leader openly accusing Brazil of not having done enough to reign in the chavistas’ excesses.

Almost any previous Brazilian president — such as Fernando Henrique Cardoso or Lula — would most likely have taken a proactive stance and proposed the recreation of the “Friends of Venezuela” group to force Maduro and the opposition to solve the political and economic impasse. Yet considering Brazil’s current internal crisis and its largely paralyzed President, anything resembling regional leadership seems unlikely at this point.

Engaging the opposition is  a necessary move — in fact, as the region’s dominant power, Brasília should always maintain a dialogue with opposition leaders across the region, including in Cuba or any other country where government critics are not welcome. However, caution is warranted. During their presentation at Brazil’s Senate, even some observers critical of President Maduro rolled their eyes at some of Florido’s and Dávila’s radical arguments, which did not seem to appreciate that that demonizing everything Chavez and Maduro have done over the past seventeen years will do nothing to reduce polarization and mutual hatred between government and opposition.

Those who believe Maduro’s removal from office would end Venezuela’s troubles are deeply mistaken and overlook that even in the midst of an economic implosion and a public health crisis, more than 40% of Venezuelans still voted for the government. Considering the opposition’s track record, the end of chavismo could lead to a witch hunt which could poison the political atmosphere further still.

More than ever, benign outside pressure is needed to assure that Venezuela’s political future will be dominated by moderate forces, capable of preserving chavismo’s positive legacies, while correcting its many mistakes.

Fonte: Post Western World

2 respostas em “Brazil begins to prepare for a post-Maduro Venezuela

  1. A Venezuela, principalmente nos últimos anos, tem sido um exemplo clássico de país detentor de grande quantidade de recursos minerais (petróleo), que ao invés de usar a renda oriunda destes para diversificar sua economia, melhorar sua infra estrutura, atraindo assim investidores/capital externo, fortalecer e dar maior credibilidade as suas instituições, preferiu fazer o uso de políticas de cunho meramente popular, visando somente a manutenção no poder do governo Chavista. Enquanto o preço do petróleo estava em alta no mercado internacional, o país tinha recursos para continuar com suas políticas populistas, entretanto, com a desvalorização recorde do preço da comódite, o país se deparou com uma verdadeira desorganização econômica, com desemprego em alta, queda no PIB e inflação descontrolada. Somando-se a isso, a eleição de Macri na Argentina, vez com que Caracas perdesse um de seus maiores aliados. O Brasil, nos governos de Lula e Dilma, sempre demonstrou apoio ao governo Chavista, fazendo vistas grossas aos constantes pedidos de ajuda pela oposição ao governo Chavista. Neste cenário de crise econômica venezuelana, fica cada vez mais claro que os dias de Maduro no governo estão se acabando, recebendo este, críticas inclusive de membros de seu partido. A política externa já opera com esse pensamento de mudança, projetando novos arranjos na região do cone sul. O Brasil apresenta certo receio em se posicionar de forma explícita a esse movimento de mudança, mesmo porque o país vizinho deve cerca de 6 bilhões de dólares as empresas nacionais, além de, como mencionado anteriormente, os últimos governos brasileiros sempre apoiaram o regime Chavista, ao mesmo tempo que não consideravam importante manter um diálogo com a oposição daquele país. Esse foi apenas um dos vários erros da política externa brasileira nos últimos anos, quando traçou alianças mais em função de ideologias do que pensando nos benefícios que poderiam ser gerados para o país.

  2. Visto de forma retroativa, o texto beira à clarividência.

    A nova postura adotada pelo governo interino, pós-afastamento da Presidente Dilma Roussef, é não só no sentido da hipótese de novo governo venezuelano com eventual saída de Maduro, mas sobretudo indicar o corte gradativo das relações enquanto tal ideologia de governo lá perdurar.

    Noutro ponto, a fim de refutar as críticas sofridas, o Brasil hoje tem postura letárgica em relação ao agravamento da crise venezuelana. Noutro espectro, essa forma lidar com a situação reduz o Brasil no que toca à influência internacional, o que, a longo prazo, é prejudicial.

    Enfim, é tarefa árdua criticar ao falta de ações brasileiras em relação à crise venezuelana, quando, na verdade, somos extremamente ácidos quando o fazem quanto ao nosso país.

    Att.

Comente esta notícia!

Preencha os seus dados abaixo ou clique em um ícone para log in:

Logotipo do WordPress.com

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta WordPress.com. Sair / Alterar )

Imagem do Twitter

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Twitter. Sair / Alterar )

Foto do Facebook

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Facebook. Sair / Alterar )

Foto do Google+

Você está comentando utilizando sua conta Google+. Sair / Alterar )

Conectando a %s