Publicado originalmente em 20 de fevereiro de 2016.
Veto powers the United States and France have both indicated that a Russian draft resolution concerning questions of Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity has no prospect of success.
The Russian text comes amid Turkish calls for its allies to support a ground invasion of Syria while it continued cross-border artillery shelling on a region dominated by Syria’s US-backed Kurdish militia.
Turkey’s capital Ankara was hit by a suicide car bombing Wednesday, with accusations it was the work of the YPG, a Syrian Kurdish group that has ties to the Kurdish Workers Party inside Turkey, that has for decades clashed with the government there.
Russia is calling it a moment of truth.
Expressing concern that Turkey is preparing a military ground intervention into Syria’s north an escalation that could turn this already complex conflict on its head.
“It’s a moment of truth, it’s a moment of truth because what’s written in this draft, reaffirmed, repeated and stated by all SC members during all time of Syrian crisis, so I don’t consider from even political reasons how they can refuse all these principles in the Russia draft,” says Russia’s Deputy Permanent Representative Ambassador, Vladimir Safronkov.
Russia’s bombing campaign in support of the Assad regime has allowed the Syrian government forces and its allies to make important gains on rebel positions in the last number of months, infuriating Turkey and other NATO allies.
We need to focus on implementing 2254, it’s incredibly important that there’s de-escalation, that all parties use and show restraint, but this is a distraction from the core fact which is that 2254 needs to be implemented.
Ambassador Safronkov says, “The main elements of the Russian draft resolution to demand all parties, to refrain from interfering in the internal affairs of Syria, to fully respect sovereignty and independence, stop incursion and abandon plan of ground operations which would undermine all fundamental decisions of resolution 2254, Vienna and Munich decision on Syrian political settlement.”
Yet the United States Ambassador Samantha Power rejected the draft as a distraction, calling for the implementation of existing resolutions that call for a complete ceasefire and that underpin a peace process.
“We need to focus on implementing 2254, it’s incredibly important that there’s de-escalation, that all parties use and show restraint, but this is a distraction from the core fact which is that 2254 needs to be implemented. We have a resolution on the books, it’s the right resolution, we’ve committed ourselves to it and we need Russia to do the same,” says Power.
French Ambassador Francois Delattre indicated the draft had no prospects of success.
“We are facing a dangerous military escalation that could easily get out of control and lead us to uncharted territory. This military escalation is the direct result of the brutal offensive in the north of Syria led by the Syrian regime and its allies and here Russia must understand that its unconditional support to Bashar al Assad is a dead end and a dead end that could be extremely dangerous,” says Delattre.
Turkey’s Ambassador Yasar Halit Cevik says they would only move on Syria with the approval of their allies or with the blessing of the Security Council.
Relations between Russia and Turkey have been strained since Turkey downed a Russian bomber near its border with Syria in November last year.
Fonte: SABC News