O Estado Islâmico em poucas palavras:


US bombs its own military hardware in Syria

‘ISIS is CIA false flag op, pretext for war inside Syria & Iraq’

‘Certain states helped create Islamist extremism’ – Iran’s Rouhani to UN Gen Assembly

Security Council unanimously adopts resolution on foreign terrorist fighters

‘UN’s like very sick patient who nobody has the heart to euthanize’


African Youth Union


Mali’s major mining operations.
Mali is well known as one of Africa’s foremost gold producers (currently ranked 3rd in Africa with expected production to rise to 56 tonnes in 2011, thanks to new producing mines at Kodieran and Gounkoto).
However the next few years should see encouraging performances in the extraction of other mineral resources.
• A new cement factory will the capacity of 1,200,000 tonnes per annum is expected to start work in 2011, as well as a second one to be installed at Hombori.
• Mali will become an iron ore producer for the first time in 2011, with the exploitation of the Tienfala permit.
• Mali also has rich manganese prospects, which are estimated to be 20T (Gao) and are ready to be mined.
• A Malian phosphate producer is aiming at a 200,000 tpa production by 2012 at the Tamaguilelt deposit.
• This year will also see the by the first drilling for oil and gas by a major international E&P company
• Bauxite reserves are estimated at 1.2 million tonnes and could be exploited in the near future
• Mali also has potential for other mineral resources such as lithium, uranium, diamonds, kaolin and gemstones.
At the same time Mali is making efforts to sustainable diversify its mineral resources, with programs aimed to sustainably benefit, its population economy and environment. Some of these projects include: the review and update of the Mining Code, a proposed regional mining school to be built and the establishment of organisations such as la Cellule d’appui a la de decentralisation et a la déconcentration des mines (CADD).
8 – 11 November 2011 Centre International de du Mali
Mali:Africa’s third largest gold producer with large scale exploration ongoing
Mali has been famous for its gold since the days of the great Malian empire and the pilgrimage to Mecca of the Emperor Kankou Moussa in
1324, on his caravan he carried more than 8 tonnes of gold! Mali has therefore been traditionally a mining country for over half a millennium.

Mali currently has seven operating gold mines which include: Kalana and Morila in Southern Mali, Yatela, Sadiola and Loulo in Western Mali, and mines which have recently restarted production notably Syama and Tabakoto. Advanced gold exploration projects include: Kofi,
Kodieran, Gounkoto, Komana, Banankoro, Kobada and Nampala.

Encouraging signs and exploration in full swing
Exploration is currently being carried out by several companies with clear indications of deposits of uranium in Mali. Uranium potential is located in the Falea area which covers 150 kmÇ of the Falea- North
Guinea basin, uranium potential in Falea is thought to be 5000
tonnes. The Kidal Project, in the north eastern part of Mali, with an area of 19,930 km2, the project covers a large crystalline geological province known as L’Adrar Des Iforas. Uranium potential in the Samit deposit, Gao region alone is thought to be 200 tonnes.

Mali has potential to develop its diamond exploration: in the Kayes administrative region (Mining region 1), thirty (30) kimberlitic pipes have been discovered of which eight are show traces of diamonds.
Some eight small diamonds have been picked in the Sikasso administrative region (southern Mali).

Precious stones consist of the following and can be found in:
• Circle of Nioro and Bafoulabe: Garnets and rare magnetic minerals
• Circle of Bougouni and Faleme Basin: Pegmatite minerals
• Le Gourma – garnet and corindons
• L’Adrar des Ilforas – pegmatite and metamorphosing minerals
• Hombori Douentza Zone: quartz and carbonates
Iron Ore and Bauxite Manganese: significant resources present in Mali but still unexploited.
Mali has according to estimates more than 2 million tonnes of potential iron ore reserves located in the areas of Djidian-Kenieba,

Diamou and Bale.
Bauxite reserves are thought to be 1.2 million tonnes located in Kita,
Kenieba and Bafing- Makana. Traces of manganese have been found in Bafing – Makana, Tondibi and Tassiga.

Other mineral resources and potential in Mali
• Calcarous rock deposits: 10 million tonnes est. (Gangotery),
30 million tonnes est. (Astro) and Bah El Heri (Nord de Goundam)
2.2 Million tonnes est.
• Copper: potentialities in Bafing Makan (Western Region) and
Ouatagouna (Northern Region)
• Marble : Selinkegny ( Bafoulabe) 10.6 MT estimated reserves and traces at Madibaya
• Gypsum : Taoudenit (35 MT est.), Indice Kereit ( Nord de Tessalit)
0.37 MT est.
• Kaolin : Potential estimated reserves (1MT) located in Gao
( Northern Region)
• Phosphate: Reserve located at Tamaguilelt, production of
18,000 t/per annum and an estimated potential of 12 million tonnes.
There are four other potential deposits in the North of 10 million tonnes.
• Lead and zinc: Tessalit in the Northern Region (1.7 MT of estimated reserves) and traces in Bafing Makana (Western
Region) and Fafa (Northern Mali)
• Lithium: Indications in Kayes (Western Region) and estimated potential of 4 million tonnes in Bougouni (Southern Region)
• Bitumen schist: Potential estimated at 870 million tonnes, indications found in Agamor and Almoustrat in the Northern Region.
• Lignite: Potential estimated at 1.3 million tonnes, indications found in Bourem (Northern Region)
• Rock Salt: Estimated potential of 53 million tonnes in Taoudenni
( Northern Region)
• Diatomite: Estimated potential of 65 million tonnes in Douna Behri
(Northern Region)
Mali’s Petroleum potential already attracting significant interest from investors
Mali’s Petroential has been documented since the 1970’s
Mali’s mining sector, a rich but unexploited potential

Fonte: https://www.facebook.com/Africanyouthunion/posts/598677556825415