Corte Internacional de Justiça


A Corte Internacional de Justiça (CIJ) é o principal órgão judicial das Nações Unidas (ONU). Foi criado em junho de 1945, pela Carta das Nações Unidas e começou a trabalhar em abril de 1946.A sede do Tribunal é no Palácio da Paz em Haia (Países Baixos). Dos seis principais órgãos das Nações Unidas, é o único que não localizado em Nova York.
O papel do Tribunal é o de resolver, de acordo com o direito internacional, disputas legais que lhe são submetidos pelos Estados e dar pareceres consultivos sobre questões jurídicas submetidas por órgãos autorizados das Nações Unidas e agências especializadas.O Tribunal é composto de 15 juízes, que são eleitos para mandatos de nove anos pela Assembléia Geral da ONU eo Conselho de Segurança.
Para acessar a página oficial da Corte clique aqui.
Abaixo você encontrará os principais casos nos quais a Corte Internacional de Justiça foi chamada a Decidir.

Aegean Sea Continental Shelf (Greece v. Turkey)

Aerial Herbicide Spraying (Ecuador v. Colombia)

Aerial Incident of 10 August 1999 (Pakistan v. India)

Aerial Incident of 10 March 1953 (United States of America v. Czechoslovakia)

Aerial Incident of 27 July 1955 (Israel v. Bulgaria)

Aerial Incident of 27 July 1955 (United Kingdom v. Bulgaria)

Aerial Incident of 27 July 1955 (United States of America v. Bulgaria)

Aerial Incident of 3 July 1988 (Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America)

Aerial Incident of 4 September 1954 (United States of America v. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)

Aerial Incident of 7 November 1954 (United States of America v. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)

Aerial Incident of 7 October 1952 (United States of America v. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)

Ahmadou Sadio Diallo (Republic of Guinea v. Democratic Republic of the Congo)

Ambatielos (Greece v. United Kingdom)

Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. (United Kingdom v. Iran)

Antarctica (United Kingdom v. Argentina)

Antarctica (United Kingdom v. Chile)

Appeal Relating to the Jurisdiction of the ICAO Council (India v. Pakistan)

Application for Revision and Interpretation of the Judgment of 24 February 1982 in the Case concerning the Continental Shelf (Tunisia/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) (Tunisia v. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

Application for Revision of the Judgment of 11 July 1996 in the Case concerning

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia), Preliminary Objections (Yugoslavia v. Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Application for Revision of the Judgment of 11 September 1992 in the Case concerning the Land, Island and Maritime Frontier Dispute (El Salvador/Honduras: Nicaragua intervening) (El Salvador v. Honduras)

Application of the Convention of 1902 Governing the Guardianship of Infants (Netherlands v. Sweden)

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Serbia and Montenegro)

Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Croatia v. Serbia)

Application of the Interim Accord of 13 September 1995 (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia v. Greece)

Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation)

Arbitral Award Made by the King of Spain on 23 December 1906 (Honduras v. Nicaragua)

Arbitral Award of 31 July 1989 (Guinea-Bissau v. Senegal)

Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Burundi)

Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Rwanda)

Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Uganda)

Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (New Application : 2002) (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Rwanda)

Arrest Warrant of 11 April 2000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo v. Belgium)

Asylum (Colombia/Peru)

Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States of America)

Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited (Belgium v. Spain)

Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company, Limited (Belgium v. Spain)(New Application: 1962)

Border and Transborder Armed Actions (Nicaragua v. Costa Rica)

Border and Transborder Armed Actions (Nicaragua v. Honduras)

Certain Activities carried out by Nicaragua in the Border Area (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

Certain Criminal Proceedings in France (Republic of the Congo v. France)

Certain Norwegian Loans (France v. Norway)

Certain Phosphate Lands in Nauru (Nauru v. Australia)

Certain Property (Liechtenstein v. Germany)

Certain questions concerning diplomatic relations (Honduras v. Brazil)

Certain Questions of Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Djibouti v. France)

Compagnie du Port, des Quais et des Entrepôts de Beyrouth and Société Radio-Orient (France v. Lebanon)

Continental Shelf (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya/Malta)

Continental Shelf (Tunisia/Libyan Arab Jamahiriya)

Corfu Channel (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland v. Albania)

Delimitation of the Maritime Boundary in the Gulf of Maine Area (Canada/United States of America)

Dispute regarding Navigational and Related Rights (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

East Timor (Portugal v. Australia)

Electricité de Beyrouth Company (France v. Lebanon)

Elettronica Sicula S.p.A. (ELSI) (United States of America v. Italy)

Fisheries (United Kingdom v. Norway)

Fisheries Jurisdiction (Federal Republic of Germany v. Iceland)

Fisheries Jurisdiction (Spain v. Canada)

Fisheries Jurisdiction (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland v. Iceland)

Frontier Dispute (Benin/Niger)

Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso/Niger)

Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso/Republic of Mali)

Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Project (Hungary/Slovakia)

Haya de la Torre (Colombia v.Peru)

Interhandel (Switzerland v. United States of America)

Jurisdiction and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters (Belgium v. Switzerland)

Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany v. Italy: Greece intervening)

Kasikili/Sedudu Island (Botswana/Namibia)

LaGrand (Germany v. United States of America)

Land and Maritime Boundary between Cameroon and Nigeria (Cameroon v. Nigeria:Equatorial Guinea intervening)

Land, Island and Maritime Frontier Dispute (El Salvador/Honduras: Nicaragua intervening)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro v. Belgium)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro v. Canada)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro v. France)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Monténégro v. Germany)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro v. Italy)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro v. Netherlands)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro v. Portugal)

Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro v. United Kingdom)

Legality of Use of Force (Yugoslavia v. Spain)

Legality of Use of Force (Yugoslavia v. United States of America)

Maritime Delimitation and Territorial Questions between Qatar and Bahrain (Qatar v. Bahrain)

Maritime Delimitation between Guinea-Bissau and Senegal (Guinea-Bissau v. Senegal)

Maritime Delimitation in the Area between Greenland and Jan Mayen (Denmark v. Norway)

Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. Ukraine)

Maritime Dispute (Peru v. Chile)

Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America)

Minquiers and Ecrehos (France/United Kingdom)

Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy v. France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and United States of America)

North Sea Continental Shelf (Federal Republic of Germany/Denmark)

North Sea Continental Shelf (Federal Republic of Germany/Netherlands)

Northern Cameroons (Cameroon v. United Kingdom)

Nottebohm (Liechtenstein v. Guatemala)

Nuclear Tests (Australia v. France)

Nuclear Tests (New Zealand v. France)

Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran v. United States of America)

Passage through the Great Belt (Finland v. Denmark)

Proceedings instituted by the Republic of Nicaragua against the Republic of Costa Rica with regard to “violations of Nicaraguan sovereignty and major environmental damages to its territory”

Protection of French Nationals and Protected Persons in Egypt (France v. Egypt)

Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay)

Questions of Interpretation and Application of the 1971 Montreal Convention arising from the Aerial Incident at Lockerbie (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya v. United Kingdom)

Questions of Interpretation and Application of the 1971 Montreal Convention arising from the Aerial Incident at Lockerbie (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya v. United States of America)

Questions relating to the Obligation to Prosecute or Extradite (Belgium v. Senegal)

Request for an Examination of the Situation in Accordance with Paragraph 63 of the Court’s Judgment of 20 December 1974 in the Nuclear Tests (New Zealand v. France) Case

Request for Interpretation of the Judgment of 11 June 1998 in the Case concerning the Land and Maritime Boundary between Cameroon and Nigeria (Cameroon v. Nigeria), Preliminary Objections (Nigeria v. Cameroon)

Request for interpretation of the Judgment of 15 June 1962 in the case concerning the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia v. Thailand) (Cambodia v. Thailand)

Request for Interpretation of the Judgment of 20 November 1950 in the Asylum Case (Colombia v. Peru)

Request for Interpretation of the Judgment of 31 March 2004 in the Case concerning Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico v. United States of America) (Mexico v. United States of America)

Right of Passage over Indian Territory (Portugal v. India)

Rights of Nationals of the United States of America in Morocco (France v. United States of America)

South West Africa (Ethiopia v. South Africa)

South West Africa (Liberia v. South Africa)

Sovereignty over Certain Frontier Land (Belgium/Netherlands)

Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge (Malaysia/Singapore)

Sovereignty over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan (Indonesia/Malaysia)

Status vis-à-vis the Host State of a Diplomatic Envoy to the United Nations (Commonwealth of Dominica v. Switzerland)

Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia v. Thailand)

Territorial and Maritime Dispute (Nicaragua v. Colombia)

Territorial and Maritime Dispute between Nicaragua and Honduras in the Caribbean Sea (Nicaragua v. Honduras)

Territorial Dispute (Libyan Arab Jamahiriya/Chad)

Treatment in Hungary of Aircraft and Crew of United States of America (United States of America v. Hungarian People’s Republic)

Treatment in Hungary of Aircraft and Crew of United States of America (United States of America v. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)

Trial of Pakistani Prisoners of War (Pakistan v. India)

United States Diplomatic and Consular Staff in Tehran (United States of America v. Iran)

Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (Paraguay v. United States of America)

Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan)

_____________________________________________________________________________

Créditos

Orientação: José Luiz Singi Albuquerque
Coordenação: Raphael Antunes do Amaral Santos / Laís Niman
Pesquisa:  Ana Carolina Ribeiro Meireles
Organização:  Ana Carolina Ribeiro Meireles
Finalização: Raphael Antunes do Amaral Santos
NECCINT – 2012

3 comentários sobre “Corte Internacional de Justiça

  1. Pingback: LANÇAMENTO – Jurisprudência Internacional | Observatório de Relações Internacionais da UFOP

  2. Criada em 1945, e tendo início nos trabalhos em 1946, a Corte Internacional de Justiça é considerada o principal órgão das Nações Unidas.
    A Corte é um dos únicos organismos da ONU não situados em Nova Iorque, pois tem sua sede em Haia, na Holanda.
    A Corte tem o papel de apresentar soluções de acordo com as leis internacionais, para conflitos judiciais solicitados pelos Estados, além de dar seu parecer sobre questões legais que lhe são sujeitadas por órgãos das Nações Unidas e outras agências. É composta por quinze juízes que são eleitos por uma Assembléia Geral das Nações Unidas e pelo Conselho de Segurança, todos com mandatos de nove anos.

  3. A Corte Internacional de Justiça é o principal órgão judiciário da Organização das Nações Unidas. Tem sede na Haia.Foi instituído pelo artigo 92 da Carta das Nações Unidas:” A Corte Internacional de Justiça constitui o órgão judiciário principal das Nações Unidas. Funciona de acordo com um Estatuto estabelecido com base no Estatuto da Corte Permanente de Justiça Internacional e anexado à presente Carta da qual faz parte integrante.”
    Sua principal função é de resolver conflitos jurídicos a ele submetidos pelos Estados e emitir pareceres sobre questões jurídicas apresentadas pela Assembléia Geral das Nações Unidas,pelo Conselho de Segurança das Nações Unidas ou por órgãos e agências especializadas da Organização das nações unidas, de acordo com a Carta das Nações Unidas. O trabalho da Corte é um conjunto variado de atividades judiciais.

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