Sobre Luiz Albuquerque

O Núcleo de Estudos sobre Cooperação e Conflitos Internacionais (NECCINT) da Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, sob a coordenação do professor Luiz Albuquerque, criou o Observatório de Relações Internacionais para servir como banco de dados e plataforma de pesquisas sobre relações internacionais para análises de conjunturas e debates acadêmicos. O site alimenta nosso trabalho de análise de conjunturas e instrumentaliza nossas pesquisas e articulações. Mas, além de nos servir como ferramenta de trabalho, este site também contribui para a democratização da informação e a promoção do debate acadêmico via internet.

Keiser Report: Psycho school of economics (E585)


Publicado em 08/04/2014
In this episode of the Keiser Report, Max Keiser and Stacy Herbert present “To frack or not to frack? That is the question you will NOT be asked!” They look at proposed changes to the trespass laws in the UK which will allow companies to frack under private property without seeking permission and in exchange for £100. In the second half, Max interviews Nomi Prins about her new book, All the Presidents’ Bankers. In the book, she describes the long history of the Washington D.C. to Wall Street corridor of corruption and the six banking families who have long controlled, or have tried to control, the American financial and political establishment.

Prof. Jorge Lasmar – Conflitos na Crimeia – Palavra Cruzada


O GPPM continúa estimulando o debate a respeito da Crise entre a Rússia e as Potências Ocidentais em torno da crise na Ucrânia.

Pauta do programa emitido no dia 09/04/2014:

O motivo da tensão é a Criméia, região autonôma de localização estratégica. Depois de uma série de protestos que culminou na queda do presidente ucraniano Viktor Yanukovich, ligado a Rússia, o parlamento local da Criméia decidiu que a região passaria a fazer parte da federação russa. Apesar de não ter sido reconhecida internacionalmente, a decisão foi acolhida pelo governo russo que teria enviado tropas para garantir a indexação. Mas qual a situação atual? As sansões internacionais são efetivas? Como fica a região depois do conflito? Para esclarecer essas questões o Palavra Cruzada recebe o chefe do departamento de Relações Internacionais da PUC Minas e pesquisador do GPPM, Jorge Lasmar.


СrossTalk: What West loses by alienating Russia?


Publicado em 09/04/2014
What does the West lose by alienating Russia? How will geopolitical order change if Russia intensifies relations with the East? And are we getting closer to the multipolar world CrossTalking with Amitav Acharya, Enze Han and Alexander Mercouris.

‘West scared of BRICS as it has no control over it’ – Ex-Indian Foreign Secretary


Publicado em 11/04/2014
Representing a fifth of the world economy, the BRICS states pose a challenge to the US-dominated world. Submarket growth in Russia and the West could also change more rapidly, shifting the whole world system Eastwards. Is this the start of a new era? Former Foreign Secretary of India Kanwal Sibal is on Sophie&Co today.

Keiser Report: Petrodollar vs Petroyuan (E587)


Publicado em 12/04/2014
In this episode of the Keiser Report, Max Keiser and Stacy Herbert discuss the dollar at the bottom of the shampoo bottle and JPMorgan about to have a very cold winter. In the second half, Max interviews investor and businessman, Jerome Booth, about emerging markets in an upside-down world in which most investors have core-periphery disease.

Entendendo o princípio da auto-determinação: CrossTalk: Determining States:


Publicado em 14/04/2014
The two pillars of the current international order are the right to self-determination and the sanctity of sovereign borders. What is the future of Nation-states? What is the golden rule of the self-determination in the 21st century? And who has the right to their own state? CrossTalking with Chris Bambery, Matt Qvortrup and Matthew Connelly

Pepe Escobar on China/Russia ‘Deal of the decade’ & Europe’s secret US deal blues


Publicado em 15/04/2014
While the West weighs up putting more spanners in the works with sanctions, Russia and China are getting on with business. The two are looking at a deal that could see gas pumped into the world’s most-populated nation for the next 3 decades. Asia Times correspondent Pepe Escobar told RT that Beijing’s stance on the global political arena is bearing fruit.

OMC diz que China violou direito internacional ao restringir exportação de terras-raras

Postado originalmente em ISAPE blog:

Metais de terras-raras estão rapidamente se tornando no próximo recurso estratégico, e a China detém quase o total monopólio de sua produção. Contudo, painel da Organização Mundial do Comércio (OMC) determinou que a China estava violando direito comercial internacional ao restringir exportação dos minérios.

Fonte: Wikimedia Commons.

Fonte: Wikimedia Commons.

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Pepe Escobar: Why the EU can’t ‘isolate’ Russia


Why the EU can’t ‘isolate’ Russia
By Pepe Escobar

German Chancellor Angela Merkel could teach US President Barack Obama one or two things about how to establish a dialogue with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

As if Obama would listen. He’d rather boost his constitutional law professor self, and pompously lecture an elite eurocrat audience in the glittering Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels, like he did this Wednesday, on how Putin is the greatest threat to the US-administered global order since World War II. Well, it didn’t go that well; most eurocrats were busy taking selfies or twittering.

Putin, meanwhile, met with the CEO of German engineering and electrical conglomerate Siemens, Joe Kaeser, at his official residence outside Moscow. Siemens invested more than US$1.1 billion in Russia over the past two years, and that, Kaeser said, is bound to continue. Angela was certainly taking notes.

Obama couldn’t behave otherwise. The constitutional law expert knows nothing about Russia, in his (meager) political career never had to understand how Russia works, and may even fear Russia – surrounded as he is by a coterie of spectacularly mediocre aids. His Brussels rhetorical tour de force yielded absolutely nothing – apart from the threat that if Putin persisted in his “aggression” against eastern Ukraine or even NATO members-countries the president of the United States would unroll a much stiffer sanction package.

What else is new, considering this by supreme CIA asset and former Pentagon head in the first Obama administration, Bob Gates, is what passes for political analysis in the US.

The $1 trillion game-changer 
Demonized 24/7 by the sprawling Western propaganda machine as a ruthless aggressor, Putin and his Kremlin advisers just need to play Sun Tzu. The regime changers in Kiev are already mired in a vicious catfight. [1] And even Ukraine’s acting Prime Minister Arseniy Petrovych “Yats” Yatsenyuk has identified the gloomy times ahead, stressing that the signature of the economic part of the association agreement between Ukraine and the EU has been postponed – so there will be no “negative consequences” for industrialized eastern Ukraine.

Translation: he knows this will be the kiss of death for Ukrainian industry, on top of it coupled with an imminent structural adjustment by the International Monetary Fund linked to the EU (maybe) bailing out a bankrupt Ukraine.

Asia Times Online’s Spengler coined a formulation: “A specter is haunting Europe, and that is the specter of a Russian-Chinese alliance at the expense of Europe.” The alliance is already on – manifested in the G-20, the BRICS and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. There are military technology synergies on the horizon – the ultra-sophisticated S-500 air defense system is to be unveiled by Moscow, and Beijing would absolutely love to have it. But for the real fireworks, just wait a few weeks, when Putin visits Beijing in May.

That’s when he will sign the famous $1 trillion gas deal according to which Gazprom will supply China’s CNPC with 3.75 billion cubic feet of gas a day for 30 years, starting in 2018 (China’s current daily gas demand is around 16 billion cubic feet).

Gazprom may still collect most of its profits from Europe, but Asia is its privileged future. On the competition front, the hyper-hyped US shale “revolution” is a myth – as much as the notion the US will be suddenly increasing exports of gas to the rest of the world any time soon.

Gazprom will use this mega-deal to boost investment in eastern Siberia – which sooner rather than later will be configured as the privileged hub for gas shipments to both Japan and South Korea. That’s the ultimate (substantial) reason why Asia won’t “isolate” Russia. ( See Asia will not ‘isolate’ Russia, Asia Times Online, March 25, 2014.)

Not to mention the much-anticipated “thermonuclear” (for the petrodollar) possibility that Russia and China will agree payment for the Gazprom-CNPC deal may be in yuan or rubles. That will be the dawn of a basket of currencies as the new international reserve currency – a key BRICS objective and the ultimate, incendiary, new (economic) fact on the ground.

Time to invest in Pipelineistan 
Even though its centrality pales compared to Asia, Europe, of course, is not “expendable” for Russia. There have been rumbles in Brussels by some poodles about canceling the South Stream pipeline – pumping Russian gas underneath the Black Sea (and bypassing Ukraine) to Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovenia, Serbia, Croatia, Greece, Italy and Austria. The Bulgarian Economy and Energy Minister, Dragomir Stoynev, said no way. Same for the Czech Republic, because it badly needs Russian investment, and Hungary, which recently signed a nuclear energy deal with Moscow.

The only other possibility for the EU would be Caspian gas, from Azerbaijan – following on the trail of the Zbig Brzezinski-negotiated Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan (BTC) oil pipeline, which was conceived expressly to bypass both Russia and Iran. As if the EU would have the will, the speed and funds to spend billions of dollars to build yet another pipeline virtually tomorrow, and assuming Azerbaijan had enough supply capacity (it doesn’t; other actors, like Kazakhstan or ultra-unreliable Turkmenistan, which prefers to sell its gas to China, would have to be part of the picture).

Well, nobody ever lost money betting on the cluelessness of Brussels eurocrats. South Stream and other energy projects will create a lot of jobs and investment in many of the most troubled EU nations. Extra sanctions? No less than 91% of Poland’s energy, and 86% of Hungary’s, come from Russia. Over 20% of the foreign lending of French banks is to Russian companies. No less than 68 Russian companies trade at the London Stock Exchange. For the Club Med nations, Russian tourism is now a lifeline (1 million went to Italy last year, for instance.)

US Think Tankland is trying to fool American public opinion into believing what the Obama administration should be applying is a replay of the “containment” policy of 1945-1989 to “limit the development of Russia as a hegemonic power”. The “recipe”: weaponize everybody and his neighbor, from the Baltic nations to Azerbaijan, to “contain” Russia. The New Cold War is on because, from the point of view of US so-called “elites”, it never really left.

Meanwhile, Gazprom’s stock price is up. Buy now. You won’t regret it.

1. Popcorn Please While “Putin’s Agitators” Rule in Kiev, Moon of Alabama, March 26, 2014.

Pepe Escobar is the author of Globalistan: How the Globalized World is Dissolving into Liquid War (Nimble Books, 2007), Red Zone Blues: a snapshot of Baghdad during the surge (Nimble Books, 2007), and Obama does Globalistan (Nimble Books, 2009). 

He may be reached at

(Copyright 2014 Asia Times Online (Holdings) Ltd. All rights reserved. Please contact us about sales, syndication and republishing.)

Perú y Chile cumplen fallo de La Haya fijando nuevos límites marítimos

Jueves 27 de Marzo de 2014, 03:19 am

Perú y Chile cumplen fallo de La Haya fijando nuevos límites marítimos

Presidente peruano destacó rápidez con la que se aplicó el fallo judicial (Foto: Andina)



El presidente de Perú, Ollanta Humala, destacó este miércoles que su país y Chile “han dado un ejemplo a la comunidad internacional”, dando fiel cumplimiento y ejecución al fallo de la Corte Internacional de Justicia de La Haya del pasado 27 de enero, que fijó la frontera marítima entre ambas Estados.

“Hay fallos de La Haya que han demorado más de 40 años en ejecutarse, los más cortos no han bajado de cuatro años. Hoy, tanto Perú como Chile, podemos dar un ejemplo a la comunidad internacional de cómo (un fallo) puede ser ejecutado en un plazo corto”, resaltó Humala.

En un plazo menor a dos meses, los gobiernos de Lima y Santiago lograron delimitar nuevamente su frontera marítima, gracias al “trabajo coordinado y transparente de los especialistas de ambos países”, incorporando 50 mil 172 kilómetros cuadrados de mar a la jurisdicción peruana.

“Hemos cerrado la delimitación marítima con Chile y eso a todos nosotros nos debe llenar de tranquilidad y regocijo. ¡Que viva el Perú!”, exclamó Humala, tras recibir las conclusiones del trabajo realizado por los dos equipos técnicos.

Asimismo, el Mandatario recordó que desde el mismo día de la emisión del citado fallo, Perú respetó, cumplió y ejecutó la sentencia, asumiéndola como una política de Estado.

“Ahora podemos avanzar más lejos y rápido en las relaciones que se han estado construyendo”, acotó Humala durante una breve ceremonia en Palacio de Gobierno.

El acta con las coordenadas finales de las fronteras marítimas fue suscrito el martes en Lima, por representantes de la Dirección General de Soberanía, Límites y Asuntos Antárticos del Perú, y de la Dirección Nacional de Fronteras y Límites del Estado de Chile.

El dictamen de La Haya reconoció la existencia de una frontera marítima con Perú que sigue el paralelo -como lo planteaba Chile- pero fijó su extensión sólo hasta las 80 millas desde tierra.

Desde ese punto, trazó una línea equidistante hasta las 200 millas, incorporando así a la soberanía peruana 20 mil kilómetros cuadrados de área marítima que Chile tenía bajo su control y otros 30 mil que estaban en aguas internacionales y que Perú reclamaba como suyos.

Fonte: Telesur